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One Hundred Years of Solitude, p.1
Gabriel García Márquez
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Gabriel Garcia Marquez ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SOLITUDE Translated from the Spanish by Gregory Rabassa Materials One Hundred Years of Solitude ABOUT THE AUTHOR Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia, in 1927. He stupassed away at the University of Bogota and later operated as a reporter for the Colombian newspaper El Espectador and as a international correspondent in Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Caracas and also New York. He is the writer of a number of novels and also collections of stories, consisting of Eyes of a Blue Dog (1947), Leaf Storm (1955), No One Writes to the Colonel (1958), In Evil Hour (1962), Big Mama"s Funeral (1962), One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), Innocent Erendira and also Other Stories (1972), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981), Love in the Time of Cholera (1985), The General in His Labyrinth (1989), Stvariety Pilgrims (1992), Of Love and also Other Demons (1994) and also Memories of My Melancholy Whores (2005). Many of his books are published by Penguin. Gabriel Garcia Marquez was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982. He lives in Mexico City. for jomi garcia ascot and maria luisa elio PENGUIN BOOKS ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SOLITUDE "The biggest novel in any type of language of the last 50 years" Salman Rushdie "The the majority of important writer of fiction in any language" Bill Clinton "Should be required reading for the entire humale race" New York Times "No lover of fiction can fail to respond to the grace of Marquez"s writing" Sunday Telegraph "It"s so much fun to review, unintended and also beautiful" Darryl Hannah "The book that type of conserved my life" Emma Thompson "It"s the a lot of magical book I have ever review. I think Marquez has actually influenced the world" Carolina Herrera "A masterpiece and one of the undeniable classics of the century" The Times Educational Supplement "A tour de force. Enchanting" The Times Literary Supplement "Enormously, kaleidoscopically, mysteriously alive" Guardian "Fantastic, amiable and also ironic. Splendid" New Statesmale "Dazzling" New York Times "Eexceptionally word and also event counts, whatever hangs together, the job-related is a neatly perfect organism" Financial Times MANY YEARS LATER, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aureliano Buendia wregarding remember that far-off afternoon as soon as his father took him to find ice. At that time Maconexecute was a town of twenty adobe dwellings, built on the bank of a river of clear water that ran along a bed of polimelted stones, which were white and also massive, prefer prehistorical eggs. The people was so recent that many type of things lacked names, and in order to suggest them it was necessary to suggest. Eextremely year in the time of the month of March a family of ragged gypsies would put up their tents near the village, and also with a good uproar of pipes and kettledrums they would certainly display new innovations. First they brought the magnet. A hefty gypsy via an untamed beard and sparrowhead hands, who presented himself as Melquiades, put on a bold public demonstration of what he himself referred to as the eighth wonder of the learned alchemists of Macedonia. He went from house to home dragging two steel ingots and also everybody was amazed to watch pots, pans, tongs, and braziers tumble dvery own from their places and also beams creak from the desperation of nails and screws trying to emerge, and also objects that had actually been lost for a long time appeared from where they had actually been sought a lot of and went dragging along in turbulent confusion behind Melquiades" magical irons. "Things have a life of their very own," the gypsy proclaimed through a harsh accent. "It"s ssuggest a issue of waking up their souls." Jose Arcadio Buendia, whose unbridled creative thinking constantly went past the genius of nature and also also beyond miracles and magic, assumed that it would certainly be feasible to exploit that useless development to extract gold from the bowels of the earth. Melquiades, that was an hocolony guy, warned him: "It will not occupational for that." But Jose Arcadio Buendia at that time did not think in the honesty of gypsies, so he traded his mule and a pair of goats for the 2 magnetized ingots. Ursula Iguaran, his wife, who relied on those pets to increase their bad domestic holdings, was unable to dissuade him. "Very shortly we"ll have gold enough and also even more to pave the floors of the home," her husband replied. For numerous months he functioned hard to show the truth of his concept. He explored eexceptionally inch of the region, even the riverbed, dragging the 2 iron ingots alengthy and reciting Melquiades" incantation aloud. The only thing he flourished in doing was to unearth a suit of fifteenth-century armor which had actually every one of its pieces soldered along with rust and also inside of which there was the hollow resonance of an huge stone-filled gourd. When Jose Arcadio Buendia and also the four males of his exploration regulated to take the armor acomponent, they uncovered inside a calcified skeleton via a copper locket containing a woman"s hair approximately its neck. In March the gypsies reverted. This time they lugged a telescope and a magnifying glass the size of a drum, which they showed as the latest discovery of the Jews of Amsterdam. They put a gypsy woman at one end of the village and erected the telescope at the entrance to the tent. For the price of 5 reales, world can look into the telescope and also see the gypsy woguy an arm"s size away. "Science has got rid of distance," Melquiades proclaimed. "In a short time, man will certainly be able to view what is happening in any location in the people without leaving his own house." A burning noonday sun carried out a startling demonstration via the giant magnifying glass: they put a pile of dry hay in the middle of the street and collection it on fire by concentrating the sun"s rays. Jose Arcadio Buendia, that had still not been consoled for the faiattract of his magnets, conceived the principle of utilizing that development as a weapon of war. Aget Melquiades tried to dissuade him, yet he finally welcomed the 2 magnetized ingots and also 3 early american coins in exreadjust for the magnifying glass. Ursula wept in constercountry. That money was from a chest of gold coins that her father had actually put together over an entire life of privation and that she had actually hidden underneath her bed in hopes of a proper occasion to manipulate it. Jose Arcadio Buendia made no attempt to console her, totally took in in his tactical experiments via the abnegation of a scientist and also also at the danger of his very own life. In an effort to display the impacts of the glass on opponent troops, he exposed himself to the concentration of the sun"s rays and experienced burns which turned right into sores that took a long time to heal. Over the protests of his wife, that was alequipped at such a dangerous innovation, at one allude he was all set to set the residence on fire. He would spfinish hrs on end in his room, calculating the strategic possibilities of his novel weapon until he prospered in putting together a manual of startling instructional clarity and also an irresistible power of conviction. He sent it to the federal government, accompanied by numerous descriptions of his experiments and numerous pages of explanatory sketches, by a messenger that crossed the hills, acquired shed in measuremuch less swamps, forded stormy rivers, and also was on the allude of perishing under the lash of despair, plague, and wild beasts until he uncovered a course that joined the one supplied by the mules that brought the mail. Despite the reality that a expedition to the funding was bit much less than impossible at that time, Jose Arcadio Buendia promised to undertake it as quickly as the government ordered him to so that he can put on some valuable demonstrations of his innovation for the military authorities and might train them himself in the facility art of solar war. For several years he waited for a response. Finally, exhausted of waiting, he bemoaned to Melquiades the faitempt of his job and the gypsy then gave him a convincing proof of his honesty: he offered him earlier the doubloons in exchange for the magnifying glass, and he left him in enhancement some Portuguese maps and also several instruments of navigation. In his very own handcomposing he set dvery own a concise synthesis of the research studies by Monk Hermann, which he left Jose Arcadio so that he would be able to make use of the astrolabe, the compass, and the sextant. Jose Arcadio Buendia spent the lengthy months of the rainy seakid shut up in a tiny room that he had actually built in the rear of the home so that no one would disturb his experiments. Having completely abandoned his residential responsibilities, he spent entire nights in the courtyard watching the course of the stars and he nearly contracted sunstroke from trying to establish an accurate method to ascertain noon. When he became an skilled in the use and also manipulation of his tools, he conceived a concept of room that allowed him to navigate across unknown seas, to visit unpopulated regions, and also to create connections with splendid beings without having to leave his examine. That was the period in which he obtained the halittle of talking to himself, of walking through the home without paying attention to anyone, as Ursula and the youngsters broke their backs in the garden, thriving banana and caladium, cassava and yams, ahuyama roots and eggplants. Suddenly, without warning, his feverish task was interrupted and also was reput by a sort of fascicountry. He spent a number of days as if he were bewitched, softly repeating to himself a string of fearful conjectures without giving credit to his own understanding. Finally, one Tuesday in December, at lunchtime, in its entirety he released the whole weight of his torment. The children would remember for the remainder of their lives the august solemnity via which their father, devastated by his prolonged vigil and by the wrath of his creativity, revealed his discovery to them: "The earth is round, choose an ovariety." Ursula shed her patience. "If you need to go crazy, please go crazy all by yourself!" she shouted. "But don"t try to put your gypsy concepts into the heads of the children." Jose Arcadio Buendia, impassive, did not let himself be frightened by the desperation of his wife, that, in a seizure of rage, smamelted the astrolabe against the floor. He developed another one, he gathered the men of the village in his little bit room, and he demonstrated to them, with theories that none of them can understand, the opportunity of returning to wbelow one had actually collection out by continuously sailing east. The totality village was encouraged that Jose Arcadio Buendia had shed his reason, once Melquiades went back to collection things directly. He provided public praise to the knowledge of a male who from pure astronomical speculation had actually advanced a theory that had actually already been confirmed in practice, although unrecognized in Macondo till then, and as a proof of his admiration he made him a gift that was to have actually a profound affect on the future of the village: the laboratory of an alchemist. By then Melquiades had aged through surpclimbing rapidity. On his first trips he appeared to be the very same age as Jose Arcadio Buendia. But while the last had actually preserved his extraordinary toughness, which allowed him to pull dvery own a steed by grabbing its ears, the gypsy appeared to have actually been worn dvery own by some tenacious condition. It was, in truth, the result of multiple and rare conditions contracted on his innumerable trips roughly the people. According to what he himself sassist as he spoke to Jose Arcadio Buendia while helping him put up the laboratory, fatality followed him all over, sniffing at the cuffs of his pants, yet never deciding to provide him the last clutch of its claws. He was a fugitive from all the plagues and tragedies that had actually ever lashed mantype. He had actually made it through pellagra in Persia, scurvy in the Malayan archipelearlier, leprosy in Alexandria, beriberi in Japan, bubonic pester in Madagasauto, an earthquake in Sicily, and a devastating shipwreck in the Strait of Magellan. That prodigious creature, shelp to possess the secrets of Nostradamus, was a gloomy man, enveloped in a sad aura, via an Asiatic look that appeared to understand what there was on the other side of points. He wore a large black hat that looked like a raven with widespreview wings, and a velvet vest throughout which the patina of the centuries had actually skated. But in spite of his enormous wisdom and also his mysterious breadth, he had a humale burden, an earthly condition that maintained him connected in the little difficulties of daily life. He would certainly comsimple of the ailments of old age, he endured from the the majority of insubstantial economic obstacles, and he had stopped laughing a long time ago because scurvy had made his teeth drop out. On that suffocating noontime once the gypsy revealed his tricks, Jose Arcadio Buendia had actually the certainty that it was the beginning of an excellent friendship. The youngsters were startled by his wonderful stories. Aureliano, who might not have actually been more than five at the moment, would remember him for the rest of his life as he experienced him that afternoon, sitting against the metallic and also quivering light from the home window, lighting up through his deep organ voice the darkest reaches of the creativity, while down over his holy places tright here flowed the grease that was being melted by the warmth. Jose Arcadio, his older brother, would certainly pass on that wonderful photo as a hereditary memory to all of his descendants. Ursula, on the various other hand, held a bad memory of that visit, for she had actually entered the room simply as Melquiades had carelessly broken a flask of bichloride of mercury. "It"s the smell of the evil one," she said. "Not at all," Melquiades corrected her. "It has actually been proven that the evil one has actually sulphuric properties and this is simply a tiny corrosive sublimate." Almeans didactic, he entered a learned exposition of the diabolical properties of cinnabar, however Ursula passist no attention to him, although she took the youngsters off to pray. That biting odor would stay forever in her mind linked to the memory of Melquiades. The rudimentary laboratory--in enhancement to a profusion of pots, funnels, retorts, filters, and also sieves--was made up of a primitive water pipe, a glass beaker via a long, thin neck, a remanufacturing of the philosopher"s egg, and a still the gypsies themselves had developed in accordance with contemporary descriptions of the three-armed alembic of Mary the Jew. Along with those items, Melquiades left samples of the seven steels that coincided to the salso planets, the formulas of Moses and also Zosimus for doubling the amount of gold, and a set of notes and also sketches concerning the procedures of the Great Teaching that would permit those that could translate them to undertake the manufacture of the philosopher"s rock. Seduced by the simplicity of the formulregarding double the quantity of gold, Jose Arcadio Buendia phelp court to Ursula for numerous weeks so that she would let him dig up her early american coins and rise them by as many kind of times as it was possible to subdivide mercury. Ursula offered in, as constantly, to her husband"s unyielding obstinacy. Then Jose Arcadio Buendia threw 3 doubloons into a pan and fsupplied them via copper filings, orpiment, brimstone, and also lead. He put it all to boil in a pot of castor oil till he obtained a thick and pestilential syrup which was even more choose widespread caramel than helpful gold. In riskies and desperate processes of distillation, melted through the salso planetary steels, blended with hermetic mercury and vitriol of Cyprus, and put ago to cook in hog fat for absence of any kind of radish oil, Ursula"s priceless inheritance was lessened to a huge piece of scorched hog cracklings that was firmly stuck to the bottom of the pot. When the gypsies came ago, Ursula had actually turned the totality populace of the village versus them. But curiosity was higher than are afraid, for that time the gypsies went about the tvery own making a deafening noise through all manner of musical instruments while a hawker announced the exhibition of the a lot of fabulous exploration of the Naciancenes. So that everyone saw the tent and also by paying one cent they witnessed a youthful Melquiades, reextended, unwrinkled, through a new and also flashing set of teeth. Those that remembered his gums that had actually been ruined by scurvy, his flaccid cheeks, and also his withered lips trembled via are afraid at the final proof of the gypsy"s superorganic power. The fear turned right into panic when Melquiades took out his teeth, undamaged, encased in their gums, and showed them to the audience for an instant--a fleeting immediate in which he went earlier to being the same decrepit man of years past--and also put them ago aobtain and smiled as soon as more through the full regulate of his restored youth. Even Jose Arcadio Buendia himself considered that Melquiades" knowledge had reached unbearable extremes, but he felt a healthy excitement when the gypsy explained to him alone the wormonarchs of his false teeth. It appeared so easy and so prodigious at the very same time that overnight he lost all interemainder in his experiments in alchemy. He underwent a brand-new crisis of bad humor. He did not go earlier to eating frequently, and also he would spfinish the day walking via the house. "Incredible things are happening in the civilization," he said to Ursula. "Right tbelow throughout the river there are all kinds of magical instruments while we keep on living choose donkeys." Those that had known him since the foundation of Maconexecute were startled at exactly how a lot he had readjusted under Melquiades" influence. At first Jose Arcadio Buendia had actually been a type of youthful patriarch who would give instructions for planting and also advice for the raising of children and also animals, and that collaborated with everyone, also in the physical occupational, for the welfare of the community. Because his house from the extremely first had actually been the ideal in the village, the others had actually been built in its picture and also likeness. It had a little, well-lighted living room, a dining room in the form of a terrace through gaily colored flowers, 2 bedrooms, a courtyard via a giant chestnut tree, a well-maintained garden, and also a corral wright here goats, pigs, and also hens stayed in relaxed communion. The only pets that were prohibited, not simply in his home but in the entire settlement, were fighting cocks. Ursula"s capacity for job-related was the very same as that of her husband also. Active, little, serious, that woguy of unbreakable nerves who at no moment in her life had been heard to sing appeared to be everywhere, from dawn until rather late at night, constantly pursued by the soft whispering of her stiff, starched petticoats. Thanks to her the floors of tamped earth, the unwhitewaburned mud wall surfaces, the rustic, wooden furniture they had developed themselves were constantly clean, and also the old chests wright here they kept their clothing exhaled the warm smell of basil. Jose Arcadio Buendia, that was the many enterpincreasing male ever to be watched in the village, had erected the placement of the houses in such a means that from every one of them one might reach the river and also draw water with the exact same effort, and he had lined up the roadways via such excellent sense that no home obtained more sunlight than one more throughout the hot time of day. Within a couple of years Macondo was a town that was more orderly and hard-functioning than any type of known till then by its three hundred citizens. It was a truly happy village where no one was over thirty years of age and wbelow no one had passed away.