allogeneic:describes blood, stem cells, bone marrow, or various other tissue that is moved from one perkid to another

anemia: a blood condition in which a person either does not have actually enoughred blood cellsor has actually red blood cells that carry out not attribute properly

antibody:a protein uncovered in the blood that recognizes and also binds to other substances. Helpful antibodies, such as those to viroffers or bacteria, neutralize or damage the tarobtain and proccasion infection. Auto- or self-antibodies that work versus a person"s very own red blood cells or platelets might reason damage of these vital blood components and cause condition.

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anticoagulant:a drug that avoids bloodclotsfrom forming

antigen:a marker protein on cells of the body or international substances, such as a virus or bacteria

artery:a muscular vessel that carries oxygen- and nutrient-well-off blood under high press from the heart to various other components of the body

arterial thromboembolism:a clot that develops within an artery and also may obstruct the circulation of blood

autologous:refers to blood or various other tworry acquired from a person"s very own body

B

B lymphocyte:a type ofwhite blood cell(additionally well-known as a B cell) that produces antibodies

basophil:a kind of normalwhite blood cellthat might boost via bone marrowhead damage, parasitic infections, or allergic reactions


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benign:refers to a non-cancerous disease that does not spreview throughout the body

bleeding disorder: the clinical difficulty that results as soon as the blood does notclotproperly

blood: the specialized fluid in your body that has many type of functions, consisting of delivering oxygen and nutrients to other tproblems, formingclotsin response to injury, and also transporting protective cells and also antibodies that fight infection

blood banking: the process of collecting, separating, and also storing blood products

blood cancer: a condition (likewise well-known as a hematologic malignancy) that might affect the blood, bone marrow, or lymph nodes. Typical blood production and also feature is commonly interrupted by the unmanaged development of an abnormal type of blood cell.

blood smear/film: the glass slide on which doctors look at blood cells under the microscopic lense to determine if their appearance and also number are normal


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blood transfusion: a procedure in which blood accumulated from a volunteer donor is transferred to an additional person

bone marrow:the soft, spongy tworry inside of bones whereblood cellsare produced

bone marrow transplantation: the deliver of healthy and balanced bone marrowhead cells right into a perboy whose bone marrowhead is defective or has actually been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation

C

cancer: an abnormal and also uncontrolled expansion of cells

capillaries:the body"s smallest blood vessels, which affix arteries to veins

chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy: a cancer immunotreatment by which a patient’s primary immune cells (T-cells) are harvested, reengineered to taracquire particular proteins on the surchallenge of cancer cells, and also represented earlier right into the patient’s immune system

chemotherapy:a clinical treatment for the damage ofcancercells

chronic:describes a slowly advancing disease

circulatory system:the heart and netoccupational of blood vessels responsible for transferring blood throughout the body

clinical trial: a research research entailing human volunteers to evaluate brand-new means to proccasion, diagnose, control, or treat clinical problems or diseases

clot: a clump ofplateletsand also blood proteins (likewise recognized as a thrombus) that create a plug at the website of an injured blood vessel to prevent too much bleeding. A clot may also form inside a blood vessel and block that vessel, which is referred to as a thrombosis or a blood clot.

coagulation:the procedure through which bloodclots

finish blood count (CBC):a test that gives information around the forms and also numbers of cells in one"s blood; health and wellness care specialists usage the findings to diagnose problems like anemia, infection, and also various other disorders

congenital:describes a problem that is present at or before birth, even if tbelow were no indicators of the problem as soon as the perchild was a child

cord blood stem cells:blood cells from the umbilical cord, built up from the placenta after the baby is born and separated from the mommy, that have actually the distinctive home of self-rebirth as well as the capability to build right into other types of cells; they might be used in stem cell transplants

D

deep vein thrombosis: a kind of blood clot that develops in a major vein of the leg or, much less frequently, in the arms, pelvis, or other large veins in the body

E

eosinophil:a type ofwhite blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and also defends the body from infection by parasites and also bacteria


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erythrocyte:additionally referred to as the red blood cell; the the majority of abundant cell in the blood whose major function is to lug the protein hemoglobin that transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body

erythropoietin:a hormone developed mainly by the kidneys that controls the manufacturing ofred blood cells

F

factor: a protein in the blood that is required to develop a bloodclot

ferritin:a form of iron that is stored in the liver and released as essential to make newred blood cells

fibrin: a threadchoose protein that supports the formation of bloodclotsand also gives the initial structure upon which new tproblem deserve to form at the website of an injury

G

granulocyte: a kind of white blood cell that consists of neutrophils, eosinophils, and also basophils.

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H

hematocrit: the portion of the entirety blood volume that is consisted of ofred blood cells; it is abbreviated Hct

hematologic malignancy:a disease (also known as ablood cancer) affecting the blood, bone marrowhead, or lymph nodes in which normal blood manufacturing and also attribute is interrupted by the unregulated development of an abnormal kind of blood cell

hematologist:a doctor who specializes in relooking, diagnosing, and treating blood disorders

steustatiushistory.org:the scientific research of blood and also blood-developing tissues

hematopoiesis:the procedure whereby the body produces newblood cells

hematopoietic stem cell:a cell that deserve to construct into any type of form ofblood cell; frequently abbreviated HSC

hemoglobin:a protein inred blood cellsthat carries oxygen to other cells in your body; frequently abbreviated HGB, Hb, or Hg

hemoglobinopathy:a blood illness resulting from structural differences in hemoglobin produced by the body

hemophilia: a congenital or inheritedbleeding disordercaused by a shortage of clotting components in the blood

I

idiopathic:refers to a condition or problem without a recognized cause

immune system:the network-related of cells, tissues, and also organs that protect the body from infection and also disease

intravascular hemolysis:a problem in whichred blood cellsbreak dvery own in the blood stream

iron:a mineral that is important for maintaining many body functions and an integral component of hemoglobin, the molecule in your blood that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body

L

leukemia: a kind ofcanceruncovered in the blood and bone marrow that is caused by the production of abnormalwhite blood cells

leukocyte:a kind of cell (additionally well-known as awhite blood cellor WBC) in the blood that is mostly responsible for protecting the body from infection; tright here are five major types of white blood cells (basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils), each via special properties and also functions

lymph node:tiny organs throughout the body that play a role in the immune device by filtering out foreign pposts, such as viroffers and also bacteria

lymphocyte:a type ofwhite blood cellthat plays a role in the immune system; there are 2 main populaces of these cells: T lymphocytes, which help manage the feature of other immune cells and also straight strike infected cells and tumors, and also B lymphocytes, which make antibodies.

lymphocytic:describes a condition involving the abnormal expansion ofwhite blood cellsreferred to as lymphocytes

lymphoma: a type ofblood cancerthat occurs when abnormal lymphocytes (a type ofwhite blood cell) multiply and also collect in the lymph nodes and other tproblems, impairing the function of the body"s immune system

M

malignant:describes a cancerous tumor or illness that may spreview or metastasize to other parts of the body

monocyte:a form ofwhite blood cellthat ingests bacteria and foreign particles

myelogenous:refers to an illness of the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow

myeloma: a cancerof plasma cells (white blood cellsthat develop disease- and infection-fighting antibodies)

N

neutropenia:a low number of granulocytes (white blood cells that fight infection)

neutrophil:the the majority of common kind ofwhite blood cell, which helps the body fight infection

O

oncology: the clinical study of cancer

P

peripheral blood:bloodthat is circulating with the body"s blood vessels and heart

peripheral blood stem cells:rare cells in the peripheral blood that have the distinct residential or commercial property of self-renewal as well as the ability to develop right into various other kinds of cells; these cells might be raised and used as the source of cells for a stem cell transplant

plasma: the liquid component of blood that transports blood cells throughout the body in addition to nutrients, waste commodities, antibodies, proteins, and also chemical messengers such as hormones

plasma cell:a form ofwhite blood cellthat produces disease- and also infection-fighting antibodies

platelet: a small cell fragment (likewise recognized as a thrombocyte) connected in the blood"sclottingprocess

platelet count: component of the complete blood count, a blood test used to evaluate bleeding and also clotting disorders

pulmonary embolism:a dangerous condition that occurs when aclotin a vein detaches from the blood vessel in which it developed and travels via the heart to the lungs where it becomes wedged, preventing adequate blood flow

R

radiation therapy:a treatment offered to destroycancercells through high-power rays, such as x-rays or gamma rays