After asking what the difference is between a gerund and a participle, I began to wonder if all gerunds end via -ing, considering that I couldn"t think of any that didn"t. If they execute, why?



To answer the original question:

Yes, gerunds all end via -ing, sindicate by meaning. A gerund is, in Latin, a type of the verb which have the right to be interpreted as (i.e. has actually functional qualities of) a noun – it have the right to act as topic or object of a verb, for instance, or can take a plural finishing. In, the only category which meets this meaning are "verbal nouns" or gerunds, which consist of a verb and also a special -ing sufsolve which transforms them into nouns. Although they look choose present participles, they are morphologically sepaprice, as we will check out...

You are watching: Gerund phrases always end in –ing and are used as

To answer the bounty question:

The gerundial -ing and also the existing participal -ing are, in truth, two different suffixes.

Let"s start with the gerundial -ing. This is regarded modern-day Germale -ung and modern Dutch -ing. It began life as a sufsolve creating nouns of action in Old, commonly composed "-ung" - "gaderung" (gathering), "ceaping" (buying and also selling). These gerunds were originally abstract, however even in Old they began to construct right into nouns of completed activity, etc.: "bletsung" (blessing), "weddung" (betrothal). They ultimately occurred plurals, and sometimes came to be concrete: "offrung" (offering). These uses all emerged in the Center duration, and by late Middle they were well-established, particularly the gerundial usage. Basically, therefore, tright here never before was a competing develop for the gerundial -ing. It started off as "-ung" or "-ing" and continued in that create.

The present participial -ing, on the other hand also, began off life as the -ende / -ande form that you refer to. It"s pertained to modern Germale -end, and also Swedish -ande. Even in the Old duration, -ende was frequently weakened to -inde, and also by at an early stage Center tright here appears to have been a tendency to confuse "-inde" and "-inge" (this is especially noticable in Anglo-Normale manuscripts of the 1300s.) Northern develops of the language retained -inde forms, however, though the distinction is not particularly evident in Northern dialects, given that both "g-dropping" and also the tendency for "d" to be diminiburned after a preceding nasal consonant in an unstressed syllable (see, for instance, the tendency to say "an" or "en" rather of "and" - "rock "n" roll") indicates that either -ing or -ind may primarily be created as -in".

It"s possible that, in the later Middle duration, the development and prestige of the gerundial -ing, viewed as a quasi-verbal ending, likewise assisted to strengthen the participial -ing. But their origins are fairly sepaprice, via participial -ing as a diminished form of -ande, while gerundial -ing has undertaken few alters from its original create.

Information from my own understanding, and also from the OED"s entries -ing, suffix1 and -ing, suffix2.

See more: How To Pronounce For Mother Russia In Russian, How To Say Mother Russia In Russian

Examples taken from OED, because they are fantastic illustrations of the points.