In our everyday encounters via other human being, we usage these phrases over and over.
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They aren’t just simple questions—in fact, periodically they aren’t really concerns at all—but variations on a really commonlocation greeting.
This type of greeting isn’t so different in Spanish, yet if you’ve ever spent even more than 5 minutes in a Spanish classroom, you may think you’ve already learned everything around just how to say “How are you?” in Spanish that there is to recognize.
Maybe your teacher or your language companion starts eincredibly session via “¿Cómo estás?”
And you respond, by memory, via “Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?”
This is a entirely fine exreadjust, and also it’ll suffice as an easy greeting.
But, let’s be honest: It have the right to get a tiny boring. It’s also just not realistic to assume that all your Spanish conversations through native speakers will go this method.
In this write-up, you’ll learn eight various other ways to say “How are you?” in Spanish that are a little even more interesting.
We’ll also carry out some correct responses.
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The Basic Greeting: ¿Cómo Estás?
You have to learn the basics prior to you deserve to relocate past them, of course.
The most fundamental greeting that you would use to ask “How are you?” to one perchild, in an informal establishing, is:
¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)
A slight variation on this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? This suggests specifically the same point, however contains the optional pronoun tú (you).
In Spanish, the way you conjugate a verb transforms depending upon just how many kind of people you’re addressing, and also on whether you’re in a formal or informal instance. In this case, the essential verb is estar (to be).
(If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, examine out this standard overview to conjugating the Spanish existing tense.)
So, depending upon that you’re speaking to, you may need to slightly readjust your conjugation. For each of the examples below, I’ll carry out the correct pronoun in parentheses. Similar to tú in the instance above, these pronouns are optional and carry out not influence the interpretation of the sentence.
¿Cómo está (usted)?
The pronoun usted refers to a singular “you” in a formal instance. Use this greeting once talking to a stranger, someone much older than you or someone in a place of superiority. For example, you could use ¿Cómo está? as soon as greeting your friend’s grandpa, your boss, your professor, the queen of Spain and so on.
¿Cómo están (ustedes)?
Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” Use it as soon as greeting 2 or even more world at the exact same time.
Across Latin America, ustedes can be used in formal or informal situations. In Spain, it’s used specifically in formal cases (prefer usted).
¿Cómo estáis (vosotros)?
If you take place to be speaking Spanish in Spain, use vosotros as soon as talking to a team of people in a casual case, such as when you’re speaking to a team of friends.
Tbelow are many type of means to respond to the greeting “How are you?”
In Spanish, a safe response is:
Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? (Fine, many thanks. And you?)
This is a polite and straightforward means to keep the conversation going.
Of course, if you’re in a formal instance or talking to more than one perboy, you’ll desire to substitute tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros wbelow proper.
Why You Should Go Beyond the Basics via “How Are You?”
Sure, the above will certainly get you through basic Spanish conversations. But why soptimal there? Tbelow are tons of methods to greet and be greeted in Spanish—it’s a good concept to understand more than one.
Learning alternate greetings can permit you to differ your tone to suit even more formal or casual instances. You wouldn’t greet your finest friend the very same way you would greet a customer, right? It’s the same in Spanish—various greetings sound even more organic in various agency.
Plus, varying your speech fads helps you sound more prefer a indigenous speaker. I’ll bet as soon as you talk in English, you don’t constantly repeat the expression “How are you?” You most likely readjust it up with phrases prefer “How’s it going?” or “What’s going on?” Moving past “How are you?” suggests moving beyond classroom Spanish and also learning real-world Spanish.
Not to mention, learning slangy options to common phrases deserve to be the majority of fun. If you’re ever before uncertain around a slang term, language learner forums like the ones at WordReference can be good resources.
Finally, it’s good to expand also your vocabulary because—duh!—aboriginal speakers will use these phrases when they talk to you! When they carry out, you’ll want to understand and also have the ability to respond.“How Are You?” in Spanish: 8 Ways to Change Up This Greeting
For each of these greetings, I’ll let you know how to politely respond. You deserve to, of course, additionally respond to any type of of these greetings by letting your conversation partner understand exactly how you’re actually doing.
But once you’re talking with strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to understand just how to give a noncommittal response prefer “It’s all good” or “Oh, nopoint a lot.”
Unclear on how to pronounce any kind of of the words in this post? Forvo is an excellent resource via crowd-sourced pronunciations offered by aboriginal speakers.
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¿Cómo andas (tú)?
The verb andar indicates “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is equivalent to the English “How’s it going?” It’s slightly more casual and also slangy than the standard ¿Cómo estás?
Andar is a constant -ar verb, so its other conjugations are:
¿Cómo anda (usted)?
¿Cómo andan (ustedes)?
¿Cómo andáis (vosotros)?
You have the right to respond to this in the same way you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? An answer favor Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (incredibly good) is appropriate.
¿Qué me cuentas?
This greeting is quite slangy. It literally converts to “What perform you tell me?” Think of it as a Spanish equivalent to the English “What’s going on?”
It would be a little awkward to usage this greeting in the usted create given that it’s so informal—however below are every one of the conjugations simply in situation.
For usted: ¿Qué me cuenta?
For ustedes: ¿Qué me cuentan?
For vosotros: ¿Qué me contáis?
Keep in mind below that contar is a stem-altering verb!
If someone asked you “What’s going on?” in English, you could respond through “Oh, not much.” It’s comparable in Spanish. If someone asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? you might respond via somepoint like:
Nada en eunique. (Nopoint one-of-a-kind.)
Lo normal. (The usual.)
No mucho. (Not a lot.)
It would sound a small starray to respond via somepoint choose Bien, gracias. This could be tricky to keep track of, yet if you practice sufficient, you’ll unconsciously begin to realize what response sounds ideal and what sounds awkward.
¿Cómo te va?
This greeting translates to something favor “How’s it going?” It have the right to be used in formal or informal instances. In this situation, to readjust the greeting you’ll need to readjust the instraight object pronoun from te to le, les or os.
For usted: ¿Cómo le va?
For ustedes: ¿Cómo les va?
For vosotros: ¿Cómo os va?
When responding to this, you have the right to re-usage the verb va (it goes), from the infinitive ir (to go).
Me va bien. (It’s going well.)
Me va mal. (It’s going badly.)
You can relocation bien or mal through any various other appropriate adjective you deserve to think of. Some examples are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), constant (just okay) or terrible (terrible).
¿Cómo va todo?
Very comparable to the last one, this phrase translates to “How’s whatever going?”
Luckily, in this case tright here are no verbs to conjugate and no instraight objects to change around—you can use this same greeting regardmuch less of what case you’re in.
To respond, you deserve to say Va todo ___, filling in whatever before adjective suits your mood. (See above for examples.)
¿Cómo van las cosas?
This greeting implies “How are things?” Like the previous case, there is no need for conjugation right here, because the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things).
If somebody asks you this, you deserve to respond with a basic Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you can make a complete sentence such as:
Las cosas van bien. (Things are going well.)
This is an informal greeting to be supplied among friends in a casual setting. It is comparable to the English “What’s up?”
However, unchoose the English “What’s up?” you must not respond to ¿Qué tal? through “Nothing much” or any variant thereof. Instead, respond with an adjective—bien, mal, consistent, genial, devastating, etc.—like you would certainly respond to ¿Cómo estás?
This super informal greeting literally equates to “What is there?” and also must just be used in incredibly casual, friendly instances. You have the right to think of it as a shortening of ¿Qué hay de nuevo? (What’s new?). Aget, no conjugations to issue about right here.
A excellent, as necessary casual response to this greeting would be somepoint prefer Toperform bien (all good) or No me quejo (can’t complain).
This Spanish greeting has crossed over into English-language slang, so you may currently be familiar through it! It’s an additional super colloquial way to ask “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”
A normal response would be some variant of Nada or Lo normal. See the section on ¿Qué me cuentas? for some examples of great responses.
The following time you need to greet someone in Spanish, relocate out of your comfort zone!
You wouldn’t simply repeat “How are you?” over and over again in your native language, and also there’s no reason to carry out so in Spanish.
Native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and it’ll make you sound a lot more organic.
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