Recognize a subordinate clausage when you uncover one.

You are watching: In this sentence, what word begins the subordinate clause?

A subordinate clause—also called a dependent clause—will begin with a subordinate conjunction or a loved one pronoun. Like allclasupplies, it will certainly have both asubject and a verb.

This combicountry of words will certainly not form afinish sentence. It will rather make a reader desire additional information to finish the thought.

Here is a list of subordinate conjunctions:

Subordinate Conjunctions
afteralthoughasas ifas lengthy asas shortly asas thoughbecausebeforealso ifalso thoughhowifin casein order thatinsomuch asjust asno issue hownow thatoncegave thatrather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhetherwhilewhy

Here are the relative pronouns:

Relative Pronouns
thatwhichwhicheverwhowhoeverwhomwhosewhoseverwhomever

Now check out these examples:

After Amy sneezed everywhere the tuna salad

After = subordinate conjunction;Amy = subject;sneezed = verb.

Once Adam smamelted the spider

Once = subordinate conjunction;Adam = subject;smashed = verb.

Until Mr. Sanchez has actually his first cup of coffee

Until = subordinate conjunction;Mr. Sanchez = subject;has = verb.

Who ate handfuls of bran flakes with his bare hands

Who = relative pronoun (functioning as the subject); ate = verb.

Remember this necessary point: A subordinate clause cannot stand also alone as a sentence because the reader is left wondering, "So what happened?" When a word group starts through a funding letter and also ends with a period, you should include at leastern oneprimary clause to complete the assumed. Otherwise, you have actually composed a fragment, a major error.

After Amy sneezed all over the tuna salad.

So what happened? Did Amy throw the salad dvery own the garbage disposal or serve it on toast to her friends? No complete thought = fragment.

Once Adam smamelted the spider.

So what happened? Did Belinda cheer him for his bravery or lecture him on animal rights? No finish believed = fragment.

Until Mr. Sanchez has actually his initially cup of coffee.

So what happens? Is he too sleepy to work, or does he have a grumpy disposition? No finish assumed = fragment.

Who ate handfuls of bran flakes via his bare hands.

So what happened? Were the roommates shocked, or did they ask him to pass the grain box so that they can do the same? No complete assumed = fragment.

Punctuate a subordinate clause properly.

When you attach a subordinate clause in front ofamain clausage, usage a comma:

Subordinate Clausage + , +Main Clause.

Even though the broccoli was extended in cheddar cheese, Emily refused to eat it.

Unless Christine finishes her calculus homework, she will certainly need to endure Professor Nguyen's wrath in course tomorrow.

While Bailey slept on the sofa in front of the tv, Samson, the family members dog, gnawed on the leg of the coffee table.

When you connect a subordinate clause at the finish of a primary clause, you will certainly primarily usage no punctuation:

Key Clause + Ø + Subordinate Clause.

Tanya did poorly on her background exambereason her best friend Giselle insisted on gossiping throughout their examine session the night before.

Jonathon spent his class time reading comic booksbecause his average was a 45 one week prior to last exams.

Diane made a decision to plant tomatoes in the earlier yardwhere the sunlight blazed the longest in the time of the day.

Punctuation gets tricky with adjective clasupplies.

An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that begins through a relative pronoun such as that, which, or that.

This form of clause calls for no punctuation once it isimportant and comma(s) once it isnonvital. How do you make that determination?

When the information in the clause clarifies a general noun, the clause is necessary and also will certainly follow the same pattern that you saw above:

Main Clausage + Ø + Essential Adjective Clause.

Nick provided a handful of potato chips to the dogthat was sniffing approximately the picnic table.

Dog is a basic noun. Which one are we talking about? The adjective clausage that was sniffing around the picnic table clarifies which animal we intend. The clausage is therefore vital and calls for no punctuation.

When the adjective clausage complies with a specific noun, the punctuation transforms. The indevelopment in the clause does not have the same prestige, so the clausage becomes nonimportant, requiring a comma to attach it.

Main Clausage + , + Nonimportant Adjective Clausage.

Nick gave a handful of potato chips to Button,who was sniffing approximately the picnic table.

Button, the name of a distinct dog, allows us understand which animal we expect. The information in the adjective clause has diminimelted affect, which you suggest with the comma.

Adjective claprovides have the right to likewise interrupt a major clausage. When this happens, use no punctuation for a critical clausage. But if the clause is nonnecessary, sepaprice it through a comma in front and a comma behind.

Read these examples:

After dripping mustard almost everywhere his chest, the manthat was wearing a red shirt wished that he had rather favored ketchup for his hotdog.

After dripping mustard anywhere his chest, Charles,who was wearing a red shirt, wimelted that he had instead chosen ketchup for his hotdog.

Use subordination to combine concepts properly.

Writers usage subordicountry to combine two principles right into a solitary sentence.

Read these 2 easy sentences:

Rhonda gasped. A six-foot snake slithered throughout the sidewalk.

Since the 2 simple sentences are related, you can combine them to express the activity more effectively:

Rhonda gasped as soon as a six-foot snake slithered throughout the sidewalk.

See more: Chicken And Sweet Potato Stew Fast Metabolism, Gabrielle Bozza

If the 2 principles have unequal prestige, conserve the most important one for the end of the sentence so that your readers remember it finest.

If we recreate the example over so that the 2 ideas are flipped, the wrong point gets emphasized:

When a six-foot snake slithered across the side walk, Rhonda gasped.

Readers are much less pertained to via Rhonda's reaction than the presence of a giant snake on the sidewalk!

*
Printer Fabulous!

Home •Terms • Exercises • Handouts • Rules • PowerPoint •Canvas •Twitter •YouTube •Shop • About Robin