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This reresource introduces the assorted approaches to understanding leadership. It additionally explores Oriental leadership layouts, traits and attributes, and how these might be different to those of Western management. Upon the completion of this task, you will be able to:

Define management. Discuss the various perspectives on management. Examine renowned stereokinds of "Asian" and "Western" leadership.


You are watching: The competency trait perspective of leadership

Leadership theories

What is Leadership? Tright here is no commonly welcomed definition. Many research studies have been carried out by various researchers and all tfinish to disagree on what constitutes leadership. What they carry out agree on yet, is:

Leadership involves affecting various other members of a team or company, and Leadership entails helping a team or organization to attain its goal(s).

Tright here are a number of methods of looking at and knowledge management. The even more well-known studies however have mostly focused on the complying with four leadership perspectives:

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1. Competency (trait) perspective

Probably the earliest perspective on management, this method concentrates on the traits and also competencies of good leaders. The competency perspective seeks to determine a set of abilities, values, personality traits and also other features that make the leader successful.

For example, in a study carried out by Locke (1991), he argued that reliable leaders have:

Drive – leaders generally have actually a high require for success. Leadership motivation – leaders additionally have a solid need for authority and also control so that they can affect others to achieve organizational purposes. Integrity – leaders should tell the truth and keep their word to construct trust through their followers. Self-confidence – leaders have to be certain of themselves or at leastern display that they are. Above-average intelligence – leaders does not need to be overly intelligent. Knowledge of the business – leaders must understand the service to capitalize on any type of methods or to minimize any threats. High emotional intelligence – leaders must have good social skills and have the ability to regulate their emotions well.

2. Behavidental perspective

The behavioral perspective emphasizes the belief that leadership is even more around what the leader does than what traits he has. Hence, the behavior strategy seeks to identify behaviors which make the leaders effective. According to the behavioral theorist, the 2 actions that affect leadership effectiveness are:

Task-oriented – A task-oriented leader is constantly concentrated on the work at hand also and also have the right to frequently be incredibly challenging through their subordinates. People- oriented – The people-oriented leader often looks out for his subordinates" demands and welfare.

3. Contingency perspective

The contingency perspective of leadership is based on the idea that the the majority of proper management style relies on the instance. Several contingency theories have actually been proposed over the years however the the majority of enthroughout theory that has actually withstood consistent scientific critiques is the path goal leadership theory by Robert J. Housage (1971). Path goal theory identifies 4 leadership formats that should be applied in different instances and at various times:

Directive – the directive leader is the leader that sets objectives for their employees, the implies for achieving them, the criteria forced and also the results for failing to reach them. Supportive – the supportive leader is the leader who treats their subordinates through respect and also reflects worry for them. Participative – the participative leader is the leader who motivates employee involvement and also participation. Achievement-oriented – the achievement-oriented leader sets complicated purposes, has actually high expectations and requirements consistent improvement in employee performance.
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For even more details on the path goal concept and also how it has changed to suit existing times, read:

Center for Leadership and Change Management - Housage, R. (1996) Path Goal Theory to Leadership

When and where must you usage the 4 different layouts of leadership?

4. Transformational perspective

The contingency theories we explored earlier all looked at leadership from a transactional allude of check out. In significance, transactional leaders ‘manage’ their subordinates, i.e. they help them accomplish their performance purposes by linking job performance to rewards and also ensuring they have actually the sources vital to get the project done.

In contrast, the even more recent transformational perspective of leadership looks at exactly how leaders can transform teams or establishments by creating a vision, and motivating their employees to strive for that vision. A few of the things the transformational leaders execute include creating a vision, interacting the vision, acting on the vision, and building employee commitment towards the vision, and building employee commitment in the direction of the vision.


1. Western and Oriental leadership: Popular conceptions and also misconceptions

The adhering to interactive activity aims to reveal the widespread misconceptions or stereoforms of the "Asian" and also ‘Western’ leader. Using the drag"n"drop method, drag the miscellaneous traits and also actions into the correct filing cabinet. When you have completed the activity, you might like to print the answers displayed.


Do these popular stereokinds hold water? Why or why not? Discuss some of your experiences with Eastern or Western leaders. What carry out current empirical researches on management tell us? How does the Eastern leader differ from the Western leader?


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2. Application of leadership theories

Now let us look at 2 former Eastern leaders. Read the adhering to articles and also answer the questions.

Thaksin Shinawatra

Lee Kuan Yew

What management traits do you think they have? How perform they behave? Are they task-oriented or people-oriented? What carry out they do? Do they manage and control? Or perform they motivate and also inspire?

AcknowledgmentsContent: Adrian Wee, Course Coordinator Organisational Behaviour, steustatiushistory.org International University VietnamEducational Deauthorize and Production - Academic Advancement Group, College of Firm steustatiushistory.org University