Is it Elphaba or Evillene? With Wicked still going solid on Broadway and The Wiz Live! hitting a viewership of over 11 million last night, we"re helping you keep the a lot of beloved musical adaptations of L. Frank Baum"s "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" straight.

L. Frank Baum"s "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" came to be an almost-prompt classical upon its publication in 1900. The timeless story of Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man and also the Cowardly Lion"s search for the points they desire most has actually resonated through audiences for generations.

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With the popularity of the story, it"s no surprise that it has got a number of major dramatized adaptions. The three many influential for musical theatre fans are the 1939 MGM movie-musical "The Wizard of Oz," the 1975 "super spirit musical" The Wiz and the 2003 musical prequel to Baum"s novel, Wicked. Though Dorothy and also her friends journey to the Emerald City appears to be a consistent amongst all of the adaptations, many type of other details differ.

With last night"s broadcast ofThe Wiz poised for a Broadmeans revival, we"re taking a look at just how these various takes on Baum"s original tale handle four essential pieces of the story.

1. Dorothy"s Slippers


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"The Wizard of Oz"

How it happened in the book:Soon after getting here in Oz, Dorothy picks up a brand-new pair of magical shoes that are the envy of everyone about her.In the original novel, Dorothy gets silver slippers.

In "The Wizard of Oz,"Dorothy"s ruby slippers are one of the film"smany iconic and beloved images — a pair of them used in the time of the filming of the 1939 movie freshly marketed for $2 million at an auction — however they didn"t actually come from Baum. When it came time to make a big-budgain movie-musical filmed in technicolor, the decision was made to make the shoes more colorful by making them ruby red.The Wiz went back earlier to silver slippers (you may have noticed), though they are described as pumps.Wicked stuck with silver also, though it manages to gain in a nod to the famous ruby slippers by having actually them glow red once they end up being enchanted, permitting the wheelchair-bound Nessdeveloped to walk.

2. The Witches of Oz

How it taken place in the book: Baum"s book describes four witches of Oz, two excellent and two negative. Dorothy"s residence is brought by a tornacarry out to the land of Oz and also lands on the Wicked Witch of the East, the evil ruler of the munchkins. The initially witch Dorothy meets is the Good Witch of the North, who gives her the silver slippers and starts her on her journey to the Emerald City. Of course, the Wicked Witch of the West is the main villain of the story, that Dorothy hregarding destroy in order for the Wizard of Oz to grant her wishes. When the Wizard turns out to be not quite so wonderful, it is Glinda, the Good Witch of the South who arrives to aid her get residence at last.


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Jackie Burns in Wicked Joan Marcus

"The Wizard of Oz":For the 1939 movie-musical, the Good Witch of the North was deleted and also Dorothy encounters Glinda twice, in the land also of the munchkins and also later on in the Emerald City.The Wiz: All 4 witches reprimary, but they acquire new names. The Wicked Witch of the East becomes Evvasuppose, the Good Witch of the North becomes Addaperle ("Miss One" in the movie version) and the Wicked Witch of the West becomes Evillene, while Glinda gets to keep her name.Wicked:The storyfamously centers on the Wicked Witch of the West, called Elphaba, whose sister, the Wicked Witch of the East, is named Nessdeveloped. As in the 1939 movie-musical, tbelow is just one other witch in Wicked. She is initially called Galinda, though she later on shor10s this to Glinda.Bonus:It likewise bares stating that the Wicked Witch of the West"s green skin originates from the 1939 movie-musical, though Wicked embraced this character trait and also made it a significant plot point. Baum"s wicked witch had actually a peg leg and an eye patch.

3. The Songs of Oz


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Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Judy Garland and Jack Haley in "The Wizard of Oz" Picture by 1939 Warner Home Video

"The Wizard of Oz":The songs of the original movie are some of our culture"s the majority of pervasive and also beloved songs, chief of which would certainly more than likely be "Over the Rainbow." It was presented in the film by Judy Garland, and it came to be her signature number for the rest of her life. In 2001, it was ranked first on the RIAA and also NEA"s "Songs of the Century" list.The Wiz:It must have actually seemed daunting to try and also compose a brand-new musical variation of the same story, however composer and lyricist Charlie Smalls did just that as soon as he composed the score to The Wiz in 1975. For the a lot of part, he avoided pitting his songs against the songs from the beloved 1939 MGM movie by musicalizing the scenes in various ways. For instance, The Wiz opens through "The Feeling We Once Had," which Aunt Em sings to Dorothy. Just a few secs after that song ends, Dorothy is recorded up in the tornado; the "Over the Rainbow" minute is skipped totally. As in the 1939 movie, each of Dorothy"s friends have actually songs to sing as soon as Dorothy comes upon them on her journey to the Emerald City. However before, in "The Wizard of Oz," the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion all sing around what they would certainly prefer the Wizard to give them ("If I Only Had a Brain/Heart/the Nerve"). The songs in these slots in The Wiz are more mostly introductory to the personalities ("I Was Born On the Day After Yesterday," "Slide Some Oil To Me" and "Typical Ole" Lion").The just songs that directly correlate via each various other in the two scores are "We"re Off to See the Wizard" and "Ease On Down the Roadway."Wicked primarily tells a different component of the story than "The Wizard of Oz" and also The Wiz, however the latter 2 use various songs to tell the same component of the story.


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The company of The Wiz Live! Photo by Paul Gilmore/NBC

4. Does Dorothy actually take a trip to Oz?

How it happened in the book:Baum"s novel has Dorothy travelling to the magical land also of Oz and returning to her home in Kansas at the finish."The Wizard of Oz:" The movie-musical variation famously tinkered via this ending, making the whole journey a dream Dorothy has actually after being knocked out throughout the tornaexecute.The Wiz and Wicked, but, supplied Baum"s concept that Oz is a genuine location and that Dorothy"s journey is a actual one.

Harvey Fierstein, who has adjusted William F. Brown"s 1975 book to The Wiz for the The Wiz Live! teleactors, has actually freshly described Dorothy"s journey as a dream, so we might get to see another take on the story"s ending as soon as The Wiz Live! debuts Dec. 3.

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Logan Culwell is a musical theatre historian, steustatiushistory.org"s manager of research study and also curator of steustatiushistory.org Vault. Please visit LoganCulwell.com.