2 Question! Susan, a woman of relatively normal weight, sometimes eats huge quantities of junk food with no ability to stop herself. She follows this with long periods of complete fasting. Based on this information, Susan would 1. be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. 2. be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. 3. not be diagnosed with any disorder because she is of normal weight. 4. not be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa because she is not purging.

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3 Question! Susan, a woman of relatively normal weight, sometimes eats huge quantities of junk food with no ability to stop herself. She follows this with long periods of complete fasting. Based on this information, Susan would 1. be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. 2. be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. 3. not be diagnosed with any disorder because she is of normal weight. 4. not be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa because she is not purging.

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4 Question! Most individuals with bulimia nervosa are1. of fairly normal body weight. 2. significantly overweight. 3. significantly underweight. 4. overweight during the development of the disorder but become underweight as the disorder progresses.

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5 Question! Most individuals with bulimia nervosa are1. of fairly normal body weight. 2. significantly overweight. 3. significantly underweight. 4. overweight during the development of the disorder but become underweight as the disorder progresses.

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6 Question! The major diagnostic factor in anorexia nervosa is1. food refusal. 2. a binge-purge cycle. 3. 15% or lower weight than is expected for their height and body size. 4. rapid, intentional weight loss and the belief that more weight needs to be lost.

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7 Question! The major diagnostic factor in anorexia nervosa is1. food refusal. 2. a binge-purge cycle. 3. 15% or lower weight than is expected for their height and body size. 4. rapid, intentional weight loss and the belief that more weight needs to be lost.

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8 Question! The strongest contributions to etiology of eating disorders seem to be 1. genetic. 2. psychological. 3. somatogenic. 4. sociocultural.

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9 Question! The strongest contributions to etiology of eating disorders seem to be 1. genetic. 2. psychological. 3. somatogenic. 4. sociocultural.

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10 Question! Which of the following young women appears to be at the highest risk for developing an eating disorder? 1. Linda, whose mom and dad recently divorced. 2. Carla, whose family members always seem to be fighting with each other. 3. Sandy, whose family emphasizes achievement, support, and communication. 4. Bonnie, whose family is perfectionistic, successful, and eager to maintain harmony.

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11 Question! Which of the following young women appears to be at the highest risk for developing an eating disorder? 1. Linda, whose mom and dad recently divorced. 2. Carla, whose family members always seem to be fighting with each other. 3. Sandy, whose family emphasizes achievement, support, and communication. 4. Bonnie, whose family is perfectionistic, successful, and eager to maintain harmony.

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12 Question! Many clinicians suggest that the most difficult part of treatment for anorexia nervosa, and the part of treatment where many people with anorexia nervosa are not successful, is 1. initial weight gain. 2. admitting that there is a problem and agreeing to begin treatment. 3. changing their attitudes regarding body and self-image. 4. when they become bulimic.

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13 Question! Many clinicians suggest that the most difficult part of treatment for anorexia nervosa, and the part of treatment where many people with anorexia nervosa are not successful, is 1. initial weight gain. 2. admitting that there is a problem and agreeing to begin treatment. 3. changing their attitudes regarding body and self-image. 4. when they become bulimic.

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15 Chapter 8 Sleep Disorders

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16 Question! Fred has been having a great deal of trouble initiating and maintaining sleep. He guesses that he is sleeping for an average of about three hours each night and complains that he feels terrible during the day. In addition, Fred has always experienced some anxiety but has recently felt a tremendous increase in his overall anxiety level. The existence of both a sleep disorder and anxiety 1. makes the diagnosis of insomnia disorder incorrect. 2. increases our confidence that insomnia disorder is the correct diagnosis. 3. indicates that the insomnia is a result of the anxiety rather than a cause of the anxiety. 4. is extremely common, since sleep problems can be both a cause and a result of anxiety.

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17 Question! Fred has been having a great deal of trouble initiating and maintaining sleep. He guesses that he is sleeping for an average of about three hours each night and complains that he feels terrible during the day. In addition, Fred has always experienced some anxiety but has recently felt a tremendous increase in his overall anxiety level. The existence of both a sleep disorder and anxiety 1. makes the diagnosis of insomnia disorder incorrect. 2. increases our confidence that insomnia disorder is the correct diagnosis. 3. indicates that the insomnia is a result of the anxiety rather than a cause of the anxiety. 4. is extremely common, since sleep problems can be both a cause and a result of anxiety.

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18 Question! Individuals suffering from insomnia disorder1. do not sleep at all. 2. have difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep. 3. wake up during their sleep cycle with severe nightmares. 4. frequently sleepwalk.

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19 Question! Individuals suffering from insomnia disorder1. do not sleep at all. 2. have difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep. 3. wake up during their sleep cycle with severe nightmares. 4. frequently sleepwalk.

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20 Question! The fact that people who have unrealistic expectations, such as “I must sleep a full eight hours every night, or I will be unable to function,” are more likely to experience insomnia suggests that insomnia is at least partially influenced by 1. cognition. 2. early learning. 3. biological predisposition. 4. our current hectic lifestyle.

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21 Question! The fact that people who have unrealistic expectations, such as “I must sleep a full eight hours every night, or I will be unable to function,” are more likely to experience insomnia suggests that insomnia is at least partially influenced by 1. cognition. 2. early learning. 3. biological predisposition. 4. our current hectic lifestyle.

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22 Question! The primary characteristic of hypersomnolence disorder is1. feeling sleepy due to not getting enough sleep. 2. extremely efficient sleep (e.g., sleeping for 3 hours and feeling rested as if slept for 8 hours). 3. excessive sleepiness despite getting adequate sleep each night. 4. difficulty taking naps during the day.

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23 Question! The primary characteristic of hypersomnolence disorder is1. feeling sleepy due to not getting enough sleep. 2. extremely efficient sleep (e.g., sleeping for 3 hours and feeling rested as if slept for 8 hours). 3. excessive sleepiness despite getting adequate sleep each night. 4. difficulty taking naps during the day.

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24 Question! In which of the following situations is Bill, who has narcolepsy, most likely to experience cataplexy? 1. Immediately upon waking up after a long, restful sleep 2. At any random moment 3. Under hypnosis 4. While jumping up and cheering for his favorite team

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25 Question! In which of the following situations is Bill, who has narcolepsy, most likely to experience cataplexy? 1. Immediately upon waking up after a long, restful sleep 2. At any random moment 3. Under hypnosis 4. While jumping up and cheering for his favorite team

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26 Question! Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder is related to1. the body’s biological clock. 2. the alignment of the moon and stars. 3. eating excessive food within 1 hour of falling asleep. 4. synchronization of brain wave patterns and breathing cycle.

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27 Question! Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder is related to1. the body’s biological clock. 2. the alignment of the moon and stars. 3. eating excessive food within 1 hour of falling asleep. 4. synchronization of brain wave patterns and breathing cycle.

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28 Question! Abnormal events such as nightmares, sleep terrors, and sleepwalking that occur during sleep or during the twilight time between sleep and waking are classified as 1. parasomnias. 2. dyssomnias. 3. narcolepsy. 4. REM disorders.

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29 Question! Abnormal events such as nightmares, sleep terrors, and sleepwalking that occur during sleep or during the twilight time between sleep and waking are classified as 1. parasomnias. 2. dyssomnias. 3. narcolepsy. 4. REM disorders.

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30 Question! Joan is a six-year-old child who cries out in the middle of the night, appearing frightened and inconsolable. Her parents are unable to comfort her during these episodes, and Joan has no memory of the event in the morning. Joan appears to be experiencing 1. dyssomnia. 2. hypersomnia. 3. nightmares. 4. sleep terrors.

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31 Question! Joan is a six-year-old child who cries out in the middle of the night, appearing frightened and inconsolable. Her parents are unable to comfort her during these episodes, and Joan has no memory of the event in the morning. Joan appears to be experiencing 1. dyssomnia. 2. hypersomnia. 3. nightmares. 4. sleep terrors.

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32 Question! Nocturnal eating syndrome is most commonly seen in individuals who 1. have frequent nightmares. 2. experience night terrors. 3. have REM sleep behavior disorder. 4. sleepwalk.

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33 Question! Nocturnal eating syndrome is most commonly seen in individuals who 1. have frequent nightmares. 2. experience night terrors. 3. have REM sleep behavior disorder. 4.


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sleepwalk.

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