The over or under-applied production overhead is characterized as the difference in between manufacturing overhead expense applied to occupational in process and production overhead price actually incurred by the entity during the duration.

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If the production overhead cost applied to job-related in process is more than the manufacturing overhead expense actually incurred throughout a duration, the difference is well-known as over-used manufacturing overhead. If, on the various other hand also, the production overhead expense used to work-related in procedure is less than the manufacturing overhead expense actually incurred in the time of a period, the distinction is known as under-appliedmanufacturing overhead.


The incident of over or under-applied overhead is normal in manufacturing businesses bereason overhead is applied to work-related in procedure making use of a prefigured out overhead rate. A preidentified overhead price is computed at the start of the duration making use of approximated information and is supplied to use manufacturing overhead expense throughout the duration.

The procedure of computer predetermined overhead rate and its usage in applying manufacturing overhead has actually been explained in “measuring and also recording production overhead cost” article. In the remainder of this short article, we will certainly talk about exactly how over or under-used overhead expense is tackled in a production setting.

Recording actual and also applied overhead expense in production overhead account:

Over or under-applied manufacturing overhead is actually the debit or crmodify balance of an entity’s production overhead account (likewise known as factory overhead account).

Actual production overhead expenses are debited and applied production overhead costs are attributed to production overhead account. All actual overhead expenses are debited as they are incurred and also used overhead expenses are credited as they are used to job-related in process. At the finish of a duration, if production overhead account mirrors a delittle bit balance, it indicates the overhead is under-used. On the other hand also, if it shows a credit balance, it suggests the overhead is over-applied. For additionally explacountry of the idea, think about the following example of manufacturing overhead account:



The delittle bit or crmodify balance in production overhead account at the end of a month is lugged forward to the next month till the finish of a details period – commonly one year.

Disposition of over or under-used manufacturing overhead:

At the finish of the year, the balance in manufacturing overhead account (over or under-applied manufacturing overhead) is disposed off by either allocating it among work-related in process, finiburned products and cost of products marketed accounts or transferring the whole amount to cost of goods offered account. These 2 approaches have been discussed below:

Allocation among work-related in procedure, finished products and also expense of items marketed account:

Under this approach, the amount of over or under-used overhead is disposed off by allocating it among work in process, finimelted items and expense of products offered accounts on the basis of overhead applied in each of the accounts throughout the period. The following journal entry is made to dispose off an over or under-applied overhead:

When overhead is under-applied:
When overhead is over-applied:

This technique is more accurate than the second strategy. The just disbenefit of this method is that it is more time consuming.

Transferring the entire amount of over or under-used to cost of goods sold:

Under this technique the whole amount of over or under applied overhead is moved to price of goods marketed. The complying with enattempt is created this purpose:

When overhead is under-applied:
When overhead is over-applied:

This approach is not as precise as initially technique. Companies usage this method bereason it is less time consuming and straightforward to usage.


During the year 2012, Beta agency began 2 work – project A and task B . Job A consisted of 1,000 units and also job B contained 500 systems. At the end of the year 2012, task A was completed yet project B was in procedure. The indevelopment about production overhead price applied to job A and also B was as follows:


The actual manufacturing overhead price incurred by the company during 2012 was $108,000. Out of 1,000 systems in job A, 750 units had been marketed prior to the finish of 2012.

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Required: Calculate over or under used production overhead and also make journal entries forced to dispose off over or under used production overhead assuming:

It is disposed off by allocating in between inventory and also expense of goods marketed accounts.It is disposed off by transporting to price of items sold.


Calculation of over or under-applied production overhead:

In our example, production overhead is under-used because actual overhead is even more than used overhead. The under-used overhead has been calculated below:

Under-applied manufacturing overhead =Total manufacturing overhead cost actually incurred –Total manufacturing overhead applied to occupational in process= $108,000 – $100,000= $8,000

Journal entries to dispose off under-used overhead:

(1). Allocation of under-used overhead among occupational in process, finished goods, and also price of products marketed accounts: