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In celebration of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday (February 12) and also President"s Day (February 19), we’re taking a look ago at the many type of deals with of our nation’s first authorized coin.

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The one-cent coin, or the penny, was the first currency authorized by the USA. According to pennies.org, “The initially one-cent coin was struck in 1787 by a private mint. This coin, recognized as the Fugio cent, was 100 percent copper and also this composition would certainly continue until the mid-1800s. Paul Revere, a listed blacksmith, supplied some of the copper for one-cent coins produced during the at an early stage 1790s.”

The name “Fugio” originates from the engraving, which means “I flee/fly” in Latin. The earlier of the coin depicts thirteenager combined rings to reexisting the 13 original swarms and also the words “We Are One” in the center. This architecture had actually reportedly been said by Benjamin Franklin.

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In 1856, the flying eagle cent was introduced. The coin was designed by Mint Chief Engraver James B. Longacre, through the eagle in trip based upon the job-related of Longacre"s predecessor, Christian Gobrecht. It was smaller than the Fugio cent and also instead of 100 percent, this coin was 88 percent copper and also 12 percent nickel.

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The Indian Cent, or Indian Head Cent, created in 1859 portrayed an Indian princess on the obverse. A famous story about its style clintends a visiting Indian chief lent the designer"s daughter his heresolve so she might pose as the Indian princess. Most Indian cents minted throughout the Civil War went mainly to pay Union soldiers. After the Civil War, in 1864, the composition of the one-cent coin was changed to 95 percent copper and also 5 percent zinc.

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In 1909, Abraham Lincoln was the initially historic figure to be featured on a UNITED STATE coin once he was shown on the penny for his 100th birthday. The Lincoln penny was additionally the first coin to function the phrase “In God We Trust.” Lincoln’s profile on the penny was designed by Victor David Brenner based off of an 1864 photograph of Abraham Lincoln.

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In 1958, a brand-new architecture by Frank Gasparro featured the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on the back of the penny. The brand-new design was released in 1959 in celebration of Lincoln’s 150th birthday.

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In 2010, the ago of the penny was redesigned aacquire to attribute a union shield. The architecture was schosen by the CCAC. According to the Mint,

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the 13 stripes on the shield "reexisting the states joined in one compact union to support the Federal federal government, represented by the horizontal bar above." The brand-new reverse was designed by artist Lyndall Bassand sculpted by UNITED STATE Mint sculptor-engraver Joseph Menna.

For more fun through pennies, visit the Cinnaminkid steustatiushistory.orgrary’s STEM cart to make your incredibly own penny spinner!

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