The earth is split into imaginary lines referred to as longitude and also latitude. This mechanism of lines was produced so travelers could pinpoint precise places all over the civilization. Latitude lines run horizontally, and also longitude lines are vertical. Coordinates note wbelow longitude and also latitude lines intersect, and also they are measured in degrees. The start allude for measuring latitude lines is the Equator. It is located at zero degrees and marks the splitting suggest between the north and also southern hemispheres. The zero-level longitude line runs through Greenwich, England also and is dubbed the prime meridian. The prime meridian and the equator intersect in the South Atlantic Ocean.

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Why is the equator important?

The equator is the point wbelow we divide the north and also southern hemispheres. It is also the founding point for navigation. Lines of latitude originate at the equator and proceed to the North Pole, 90 levels north, and also to the South Pole, 90 levels southern. The various other main separating lines of latitude are the Tropic of Cancer, 23.5 degrees north and also Tropic of Capricorn, 23.5 levels south.

What is various about the equator?

Due to the earth’s orlittle bit and also the rotation of its axis, the equator does not tilt towards or amethod from the sun. As such, locations alengthy the equator do not have actually much longer or shorter days, nor do they have periods. Places in the North Hemispright here, for instance, have seasons marked by the solstice and also equinox, wright here the sun is throughout different times of the year. This is not true for the equator. Tbelow, the day is always 12 hours long. The sun rises and sets at the very same time eextremely day and also are the fastest sunrises and sunsets in the civilization.

The word equator comes from the Latin word “aequare”, which implies to make equal. It is a simple method to remember that the equator is equiremote from the North Pole and also South Pole and also that its days and nights are equal lengths, 12 hours.

Who stays along the equator?

Many of the equator’s virtually 25,000 miles is in the sea. Tright here are 13 countries that lie alengthy the equator. They are dispersed via South America, Africa and Asia and also include, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Sao Tome and also Principe, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

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Fun facts about the equator

With consistent sunlight, it is basic to imagine that it is incredibly warm alengthy the equator’s great circle. But, in reality, tright here is snow in the hills of Equador. And, fifty percent of the world’s rainforests are situated on the equator, largely in Brazil, Indonesia and Congo. Tright here are additionally myths around the equator, prefer the moon flips upside down as soon as crossing the equator, which is not true. The moon might show up different in each hemispright here based on your orientation, yet it has actually not flipped. Tbelow are additionally seafaring legends around rituals to perdevelop if crossing the equator. These ceremonies, that are sassist to pay tribute to King Neptune, are actually actual and trace back to the Center Ages.