Medical Terminology Daily (MTD) is a blog sponsored by Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc. as a service to the medical area, clinical students, and also the medical industry. We will certainly post a workweek everyday medical or surgical term, its meaning and also intake, as well as biographical notes on anatomists, surgeons, and also researchers through the periods. Be warned that some of the imeras offered depict human anatomical specimens.

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A Moment in History


Antoine Louis (1723–1792)

French surgeon, anatomist, and also physiologist. Following his clinical research studies and a lengthy career as a physiologist, Antoine Louis was named Permanent Secretary of the Royal French Academy of Surgery. His other titles were those of Professor of the Royal Academy, Consultant Surgeon of the Armies of the King, member of the Royal Society of Sciences of Montpellier, Inspector of the Royal Military Hospitals, and also Doctor in Law of the College of Paris. As a member of these academies Louis was instrumental in the style and also construction of the guillotine. Originally referred to as the "Louisette", this tool was later on called after an additional French medical professional in the exact same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis" name is much better know to history as the eponymic origin of the "sternal angle" also understand as the "Angle of Louis" and synonymously (probably by misspelling or translation) the "angle of Lewis", and "angle of Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is incredibly crucial as it serves as a superficial landmark for important anatomical events (click here).

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As a allude of dispute, tbelow are some that challenge the history of this eponym adjudicating it to Pierre Charles Alexander Louis (1787-1872), another French physician dedicated to the research of tuberculosis.

Sources:1. Srickland also, N; Strickland A Angle of Louis, More Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. and Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A New Angle on the Angle of Louis. Congestive Heart Faiattract, 12: 197–199 3. "The beginning of Medical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970

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The sufresolve <-(o)cele> arises from the Greek meaning "dilation" or "pouching". In clinical terminology this sufresolve is provided to expect "hernia", "bulging", or a "dilation". In older times a synonym was supplied for hernia: "rupture".

Instances the usage of are:

 Orchiocele: The prefix  indicates "testicle" or "scrotum". Refers to a scrotal or testicular bulging, a scrotal hernia • Hydrocele: The root term <-hydr-> means "water". A watery dilation. Generally offered to refer to the accumulation of fluids in the scrotum• Hydatidocele: Refers to a dilated cyst containing hydatids, the larval form of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis Enterocele: The root term <-enter-> implies "intestine" or "little intestine". The bulging of the little intestine into the vagina bereason of weakness of the vaginal wall• Cystocele: The root term <-cyst-> suggests "bladder" or "sac". The bulging of the urinary bladder into the vaginal canal because of weakness of the vaginal wall• Cystourethrocele: A combination of root terms; <-cyst-> means "bladder" or "sac" and <-urethr-> indicates "urethra". The bulging of the urinary bladder and also urethra into the vaginal canal• Myelomeningocele: A combicountry of root terms; <-myel-> suggests "spinal cord" (additionally "bone marrow") and <-mening-> suggests "menynx". The herniation of the spinal cords and its meningeal coverings into the back, creating a bulge• Varicocele: The root term <-varic-> suggests "varix" or "sac". A bulging of the skin caused by varices