Se Uses And Meaning
Se is a reflexive pronoun interpretation that it’s supplied once someone or somepoint commits and also activity on itself.
Ellos se ducharon ayer – They showered yesterday. Se is used as it mirrors that they showered themselves.
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This word is also offered when talking about actions in the direction of pronouns. So, if you desire to say “I foracquired my computer system (it)” it could be se la olvidé mi computadora.
Alternatively, you could usage se me olvidó la computadora. If you have the la or lo as the direct pronoun meaning it, conjugate the verb in the first perboy. Olvidé is the initially person past tense means to say I forgained.
On the various other hand also, olvidó is the third perchild past tense of olvidar and refers to the computer system. Always use the me before lo if you select to usage this method.
Other Common Examples
Se is likewise used to refer to if something occurs at a specific location. You’ve most likely watched indications saying “se habla español” or “se regalan mascotas“. These phrases suppose Spanish is spoken below and also pets are being given ameans right here, respectively. Think of se in these cases as somepoint is developing below and it’s more passive than saying hablamos español or we soptimal Spanish.
Notice how regalan is plural as there are even more than one pet or mascotas. It would be regala if it was just referring to one pet.
Le Uses And Meaning
Le is an instraight object pronoun and also is offered once a third perchild wants to percreate an activity or does somepoint external of themselves. So, ella le gusta al cine is she likes the movies. It would certainly be le gusta because she isn’t doing somepoint to herself.
Le can also be offered once referring to an activity someone does for someone else. Maria le compró una camisa a su novio is Maria bought a t-shirt for her boyfriend. The le refers to the boyfrifinish however le have the right to describe either a boy or girl.
Les is the 3rd person plural and also is used in a couple of various ways. So ellos les gusta jugar tenis is they favor to play tennis. Les have the right to additionally be used similarly to an action that someone does for multiple people. Andy les ayudó los estudiantes con su tarea is Andy helps the students with their homejob-related. Les refers to the students.
Se vs. Le/Les
One concept that constantly perplexed me and also still does periodically is once to distinguish in between se vs. le. This is extremely crucial to recognize especially when discovering the many type of offers of se in Spanish.
Here a few general guidelines.Se ALWAYS comes before a straight object pronoun. You will certainly NEVER see a sentence through “le lo.” Instead, Spanish speakers use “se lo” and also “se las“.Se is provided once referring to an activity someone does on themselves. Le is provided as soon as someone does an activity on or for a sepaprice perchild. The phrase, what is your name or como se llama, literally implies what perform you speak to yourself. Since the 3rd perkid calls themself his or her name it would be se not le.Some verbs favor gustar, interesar, fascinar, and also importar use le. This is bereason they don’t refer to someone doing somepoint to themselves. So, A Juan no le importa sobre la tarea indicates Juan doesn’t treatment about the homeoccupational. It describes the homeoccupational, not Juan.Reflexive verbs favor afeitarse, ducharse, cortarse use se as the person is doing somepoint to themselves. For example, Bob se afeita cada dia suggests Bob shaves eexceptionally day.
Lo, La, Las, Los
Lo, La, Las, and also Los are direct object pronouns and work-related in tandem as soon as finding out the uses of se in Spanish. These verbs have the right to mean it or him (lo), her (la), them (los or las). A prior instance was se la olvidé mi computadora or I forobtained my computer. The la refers to computadora as it’s a feminine word. If it were, I foracquired my coat or el abrigo it would certainly be se lo olvidé mi abrigo.
Las is the feminine third perboy plural develop while los is masculine. I touched my pets would certainly be se las toque mis mascotas and las is provided as mascotas is feminine. Se los enseñé los chicos a nadar is I taught the boys just how to swim and would use los as boys are masculine.
Lo or La have the right to be offered rather of le if the speaker desires to be certain via gender. So, la amo indicates I love her and le amo doesn’t have actually a sex difference.
Use of Lo Que vs. Que
Que is a pretty widespread Spanish word that suggests what, that, and so on. However, it have the right to be tricky to understand once to usage que vs. lo que. This is valuable to understand as it’s concerned the many kind of uses of se in Spanish.
Check out this example:
“Me dicesqueestás pensando” – You tell methatyou are thinking.
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“Me dices lo que estás pensando” – You tell me what you are reasoning.
Que suggests that and also add a lo que to suppose what. Add an accent to que once asking a question favor qué haces esta noche or what are you doing tonight?
Spanish has actually many type of tricky rules, specifically as soon as it pertains to se, le, lo, las, lo que and even more. It deserve to be easy to make prevalent mistakes favor having actually “le lo” or using se instead of le. Knowing the basic rules approximately these grammar principles will certainly assist you sheight fluidly and reach fluency in no time!