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This glossary provides a fairly thounstable list of terms connected via libraries and library study. If you determine a term that is not on the list and also would choose it to be included, please contact the librarian associated with this overview to make the pointer.

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Alinked -A shortened variation of a book, document, and so on.

Abstract -A brief summary of the text of a book or article, generally without added criticism. Three methods an abstract could be used: (1) As a brief summary of an article in a scholarly journal, generally appearing at the beginning of the short article. (2) To refer to an index or bibliography that not just gives citations, however additionally gives a brief summary of each, for example, Psychological Abstracts. (3) As an introduction of a paper presented at a conference. The complete text of the paper is not always publiburned.

Academic Journal -See academic journal.

Almanac -A publication, typically an annual, containing helpful facts and statistical indevelopment.

Alphabetical -Arranged in the order of the English alphabet: A B C D E F G H I...

Alphanumeric -Consisting of both letters and also numbers. The numbering and classification mechanism provided for publications in the USC Upstate Library is an alphanumeric device.

Annotated bibliography -A bibliography in which each entry is accompanied by explanatory notes.

Annotation -A summary which defines, defines, or evaluates an entry in a bibliography or analysis list.

Annual -An item that is publimelted when a year.

Archives -Public records or historic records, or the place where these documents or papers are retained. In the USC Upstate Library, the archives are related to USC Upstate history and are situated on the second floor.

Post -A (brief) essay or research study report on a topic. Articles deserve to appear in magazines, journals, newspapers, or various other resources such as encyclopedias.

Ask a Librarian -An digital reference business provided by USC Upstate Library that receives concerns and send answers by e-mail.

Audio-Visual -Information in a form various other than words published on paper. Examples encompass films, slides, audio tapes, videocassettes, CDs, and computer software application.

Author -The person(s) or corpoprice body (including institutions, college, conferences, and so on.) responsible for the creating or compilation of an short article, book or other publication.


Barcode -A little white label with carefully spaced black stripes that have the right to be check out by a computer system. Barcodes on books and on your University identification card are supplied to inspect out publications from the library.

Bi-Annual -An item that is publiburned eexceptionally 2 years.

Bibliographic Citation -An individual citation in a bibliography, index, or catalog. A bibliographic citation might contain all or some of the following information: names(s) of authors(s), full title of the occupational, area of publication, publisher, day of publication, and web page numbers. Sometimes described as a bibliographic enattempt, or sindicate as a citation.

Bibliographic Record -A record that explains the bibliographic information of an item in the collection. The "bib record" has speak to number, author, title, publication indevelopment, physical summary, topic headings, etc.

Bibliography -A list of records (publications, articles, reports, etc.) relating to a particular topic or perboy. Tright here are 2 primary forms of bibliographies: (1) A list of references provided while doing research study for an short article or book. These are gathered together at the finish of the work, generally arranged alphabetically by the authors' last names. (2) A publication that consists only of a list of publications, write-ups and other functions on or by a particular topic or person. Bibliographies of both forms have the right to be very handy i

Bi-Monthly -An item that is publiburned six times a year, or eextremely 2 months.

Bind / Binding -The process of creating a single (hard covered) volume from separate issues of periodicals.

Biography -A composed account of a person's life. Biographical sources either contain this information or assist to locate it.

Bi-Weekly -An item that is published eincredibly 2 weeks.

Book Drop -A location to rerevolve books borrowed from the library. Book return slots are in the Circulation Workdesk in the library, and also external to the left of the major entrance.

Publication Truck -A cart used to hold publications before they are re-shelved and also to transport books and other library materials to the shelves for re-shelving.

Boolean Operator -The words AND, OR, NOT that are offered to combine search terms to increase or narrow a search.

Boolean looking -Using AND, OR, NOT to attach ideas in database looking. These are progressed search operators valid just for the "Keyword" search that have the right to be put in the search strategy in addition to the looking terms.

Borrow -See examine out.

Bound Periodicals -Several concerns of a magazine or journal, commonly arranged chronologically and fastened together in between tough covers. They resemble publications. In the USC Upstate Library, bound periodicals are situated on the first floor in shelf ranges 35-44.

Browser -Software routine that supports suggest and also click access to the World Wide Internet and the Internet. Web Explorer and Netscape Navigator are currently the most widely offered.


Call Number -A combination of letters and also numbers assigned to all publications and to the majority of other items in the library that gives the area of the materials on the library shelves. The USC Upstate Library uses the Library of Congress (LC) Group Systemand also call numbers have the right to be uncovered on the spine of the book. To discover the place (call number) of a book usage the library brochure.

Carrel -Study location for one perkid.

Catalog -A listing of all the materials a library owns. It contains books, periodicals, videos, sound recordings, and even more. See USC Upstate Library Catalog.

Cataloging -The procedure of creating a document for each library item so that it may be found utilizing assorted access points. Throughout the cataloging process an appropriate contact number is assigned to a things.

CD -Stands for Compact Disk, a computer system technology that offers thin disks to host hundreds of pieces of information. CDs are regularly offered to keep information that would take up many kind of volumes in paper format, for example, as electronic equivalents of paper indexes and also abstracts. They are likewise a prevalent format for sound recordings.

Check Out -To borrow library materials for usage external the library. This is done at the Circulation Desk. A USC Upstate university identification card is required to inspect out materials. Different loan durations are assigned for various items. Be sure to note the rerotate date for each item borrowed.

Citation -Indevelopment which specifically identifies a book or an article: has author, title, volume, page numbers and publication information. Often various other indevelopment such as topic headings or index terms will be consisted of in a citation. Electronic (or computerized) indexes are databases of citations to publications, posts, etc.

Circulate -Lfinishing of materials for use inside or external the library.

Circulation Desk -A location wright here users check-out, rebrand-new, rerotate, location holds, retrieve print reserves and inquire about the standing of library products.

Citation -May likewise be referred to as a "reference". The standard indevelopment required to discover specific products. For publications this indevelopment usually consists of the writer, title, area of publication, publisher, and day. For articles, citation includes author, title, name of journal, date, volume and also pperiods. See also bibliographic citation.

Category System -A scheme for organizing material by partnership (such as topic, company, or material) to various other similar product. See Also Library of Congress (LC) Classification System.

Collection -The items (books, CDs, periodicals, and so on.) hooffered in the library. It deserve to likewise refer to a book containing a set of stories, plays, esclaims, and so on.

Compact Disc -See CD.

Concordance -An alphabetical arrangement of key words, context lines, and the location wright here they are uncovered in a book or repertoire of works.

Controlled Vocabulary -The topic headings or descriptors used to search a particular database. The terms in a managed vocabulary are unique to the particular database, also referred to as a thesaurus. See likewise descriptor; subject heading.

Copy Number -A number assigned to each item to recognize a certain volume if multiple duplicates are held.

Cross Reference -A referral from variant forms of individual or area names, series or uniform title, or one subject to another.

Current Periodicals -The latest or the majority of current issues of a magazine or journal. In the USC Upstate Library, periodicals dating from the current ago through a couple of months to the last year or so are described as current periodicals and are situated on the initially floor in ranges 46-48 (look behind the existing month’s issue).


Database - A collection of information arranged into individual records to be searched by computer.

Depository - A library that systematically receives the publications of a government. The USC Columbia campus Library is a partial depository for publications of the USA and South Carolina governments.

Descriptor - Term offered in indexes, abstracts, or other databases to describe the subjects of the article; periodically dubbed topic headings. See also regulated vocabulary; topic heading.

Thesaurus - A referral resource that offers meanings of words and also other information. Specialized dictionaries are easily accessible for many topic locations.

Downpack - Downloading entails saving information from a computer file(s) to another computer system or saving the file(s) to a computer system diskette.

Drop-Dvery own Menu - See menu.

Due Date - The date or time whereby checked-out items must be went back to the library. The due date is stamped at the back of the item.


Edition - 1. A variation of an earlier publication that has actually had comprehensive transforms or additions. 2. All the duplicates of a specified problem of a newspaper (Sunday edition).

Encyclopedia - A reference resource containing indevelopment on a range of topics. This indevelopment might be supplied in brief paragraphs or in lengthy short articles that encompass citations to other functions on the same topic. Encyclopedias have the right to be general (extending all topics) or specialized (focusing on a particular self-control such as art or philosophy).

Entry - A record or citation in a directory or index.

Etymology - An account of the history of a word.


Field - A component of a record provided for a details category of data, i.e. the title area screens the title for each record in a database; various other areas encompass author, topic, call number, circulation condition, etc.

Fine - Money owed by a borrower as soon as library items are not reverted on time.

Folio - An oversized volume or monograph.

Full Text - The entire content of an object, commonly additionally including an abstract and also citation. Databases deserve to be full-message.


Gazetteer - An alphabetical list of geographic names identifying the nature and area of the thing, or area, named.

Glossary - An alphabetical list of words, restricted to a distinct area of understanding, through their definitions. What you are viewing now is a glossary of library terms.

Government Documents - Any material publiburned by a government agency. Also recognized as "GovDocs."

Grace Period - The time from the due date of an item until extfinished use charges are levied. This varies through different kinds of materials.


Hold - Items that have actually been watched by one borrower and asked for by one more patron. A hold is then placed on this item and upon its return, it is reserved for the perboy requesting it.

Holdings - A term provided to show the items owned by the library. The library catalog is a record of the Library holdings. See also collection

Home Page - The initially page loaded once a computer system associated to the World Wide Internet starts up. Also, the major Internet record for a specific team, company, or perchild. The Library's home web page is http://www.steustatiushistory.org.edu/library/index.html

Http - Hypertext transport protocol is a World Wide Web shipment device used to discover and retrieve a specific internet web page. Example: http://www.steustatiushistory.org.edu retrieves the USC Upstate campus home web page.

Hyperconnect - A hyperattach is text (usually blue, underlined text) or a picture that brings you to one more area, either on the exact same web page, another page, or one more website entirely.


Icon - A small photo or symbol representing something else – often a computer program, file, or feature.

ILL - See Interlibrary Loan.

Index - 1. A list of topics (regularly uncovered in the ago of the volume or the last volumed of a set) questioned in a book or set of volumes, prefer an encyclopedia. 2. A list of magazine or journal posts arranged by subject and/or author. The library has indexes of this second type on many kind of different topics.

Interlibrary Loan - A company that permits students, faculty, and also staff to access products which are not owned by the USC Upstate Library by borrowing the original or a copy from another library. Also recognized as ILL. ILL Expush is the USC Upstate digital ILL service.

Web - A worldwide digital network-related of thousands of communicating computer systems in smaller sized interlinked netfunctions. See likewise World Wide Web; web browser.

Net Explorer - An Net browser developed by Microsoft. See additionally browser.

ISBN - International Standard Publication Number; A unique ten digit number identifying a details edition of a book.

ISP - Internet Service Provider is a agency that can affix you straight to the Internet.

ISSN - Similar to the ISBN however used for serials, the Internationwide Standard Serial Number is a distinctive number assigned to serials worldwide. Users have the right to conduct an ISSN search in the virtual magazine and in some databases.

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Issue Number - An problem number is provided in conjunction with the volume number to indicate a particular magazine or journal worry. For example: The American Journal of Public Health v87 no. 2, February 1997, this is the second issue of the journal for the year 1997.