Introduction

Pai gow (tiles) is probably the oldest casino game. The name roughly translates to "make nine." In truth, the idea of scoring by the ones digit just, as in baccarat, most likely stems from pai gow.

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Of all the casino games, there deserve to be bit dispute that pai gow is the hardest to learn. Before playing the game, one should learn the ranking of 16 pairs of tiles. To the westerner, or anybody not steeped in Chinese mythology, this ranking will likely seem arbitrary and hence difficult to memorize. However, tbelow is a legend behind the game, and acquainting oneself via that legfinish deserve to aid in understanding the order of the pairs.

On December 30, 2011, I met a very nice Caucasian gentlemale by the name of Colonel Rob Patton at the pai gow table at the Paris casino in Las Vegas. He discussed that he had actually been playing the game for about 25 years. This took me rather by surpclimb. When I started to play the game around 2001, tbelow was nearly never before one more pale-confronted player at the table. Now I would certainly say non-Asians make up about 20% of the players.

In the mid Eighties, I would have actually been shocked to see any non-Asians playing. Based on beforehand literature, the few Caucasian players you can have discovered were likely mathematicians favor Michael Musante, John M. Gwynn Jr., or Bill Zender. To this particular day, white players are still often made to feel a little bit unwelcome at pai gow tables. The perspective that "whitey" deserve to be unlucky is still common in Macau and Australia.

Rob said his initiatives to learn the game were not simple, as a result of Eastern dealers not having actually the ability or inclination to define the game in English. One day, though, he found a Caucasian dealer at Caesars in Lake Tahoe who was incredibly useful. In his initiatives to define the tile rankings, he told Rob the Chinese legend of the production of the world to assist via the explanation. Here it is:

Part 1 - The Supreme Pair

Supreme Creator (Gee Joon): Chinese name of the Supreme Creator, which came prior to anypoint else.
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Part 2 - The Civilian Pairs

Heaven (Teen): The Creator first made the stars to fill the void of space.
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Planet (Day): Then he made the earth.
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Man (Yun): Then he produced man to live on the earth.
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Goose (Gor): Then he developed geese for male to eat.
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Plum flower (Mooy): Then he made flowers to give the earth beauty.
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Long (Chong): Then he made lengthy robes so male could clothe himself.
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Board (Bon): Then he made boards to make benches for guy to sit on.
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Hatchet (Foo): Then he made hatchets for guy to chop hardwood.
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Partition (Ping): As man"s family members prospered, he made partitions to separate rooms in man"s residence.
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Long Leg Seven (Tit): Man"s seventh child had lengthy legs.
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Big Head Six (Look): Man"s 6th son had actually a huge head.
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Part 3 - The Military Pairs

Finally come the combined pairs, which represent the military. The higher the number of dots, the greater the rank.

Nine (Gow)
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Eight (Bot)
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Seven (Chit)
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Five (Ng)
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Rank of the 2-4 Gee Tile

Some casino ascendancy publications state the value of the 2-4 tile is above the two fives, while others rank it last through the 1-2 tile. In my own explacountry of the rules, I rank it last. So, why the discrepancy? According to John Gwynn, that quotes Michael Musante, in his post "A Detailed Study of Pai Gow," (page 308), publiburned in Finding the Edge, there is an uncreated ascendancy that the 2-4 tile is ranked just over the five-suggest tiles (1-4 and also 2-3), except if it is offered to count as three points, in which situation it is ranked last, via the 1-2 tile. This demotion just makes a distinction when the Gee tile is combined via either five-suggest tile (1-4 or 2-3). In this instance it is treated as three points, demoting it listed below the rank of the five-allude tile. So, for all intents and also objectives, both Gee tiles need to be and properly are ranked last.


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If we assume that Gwynn and also Mustante are right, and I wouldn"t trust anybody even more than them, then I would insurance claim that the Venetian rules are in error, which indicate the 2-4 tile is always ranked better than the five-suggest tiles. However before, this would certainly just come into effect if the banker had the 1-2 tile and also a 5-point tile, and also the player had the 2-4 tile and also the various other 5-suggest tile. According to the preeminence booklet, the Venetian would certainly score it as a win for the player. However, both hands must be equally ranked, which would be a win for the banker. The odds of this are 1 in 107,880.

Chinese Dice


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Finally, Rob addressed a question I have wondered around for years: Why do dice in all the Chinese games, namely pai gow, pai gow poker, baccarat, and also sic bo, paint the one and also four red however all the other numbers black? His answer adheres to.

Each tile pattern in the Chinese domino collection is consisted of of the outcome of a throw of 2 six-sided dice. Tright here are therefore 21 distinct fads (6+5+4+3+2+1).

Using the very same coloring plan of the standard Chinese dice, eincredibly fifty percent domino with 1 or 4 spots has those dots colored red, (for example, the 4-5 domino has actually four red spots and five white spots). The just exemption is the pair of 6-6 tiles. Half of the spots on the 6-6 domino are colored red to make them stand out as the height ranking Civilian tiles. In Pai Gow, dot shade plays no duty in the play of the game; it is only to visually make the tiles typical.

The Chinese tradition of painting the 4-spot red is shelp to have originated when an Emperor playing sugoruku (Japanese Backgammon) through his queen was around to lose and desperately needed fours to win the game. He cried out, threw the dice and they came up accordingly. He was so glad that he ordered that fours be painted red from then on.

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The emperor is sassist to have been Lo Ling Wong who reigned under the title Chong Tsung (ADVERTISEMENT 684 - 701) throughout the Tang dynasty. Whether this story is true is questionable, and also it has actually been said that the 4-spot is painted red because dice were imported from India wbelow red fours are likewise conventional. The factor why the 1-spot is huge and painted red is not clear. It is said the stark combination of black and white would certainly be unlucky, red being considered very lucky in China. Another opportunity is that it counters and balances the die, compensating for the oppowebsite 6-spot indentations.