In Slavic mythology, the goddess Lada is taken into consideration the equivalent of the Scandinavian goddess Freyja and the Greek goddess Aphrodite, both magnificent representations of beauty, spring and rebirth (finish of winter).
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In some Slavic myths, she is mentioned as the mother goddess and also a supreme female deity of human eroticisms and also desire. In other myths, Lada is paired through Lacarry out (who is her male twin).
Lada and also Lado were viewed as divine twins (although some versions existing them as a mom and son). Their unity deserve to likewise be understood in the character of a multi-confronted deity (connected through the Sun, water and also grain).
Historians and folklorists have actually generally questioned over the character of Lada in Slavic mythology.
Some scholars case that the myth of Lada did not exist in pre-Christian times, however that it was invented by anti-pagan clerics in the 1fifth and 1sixth centuries who took examples from the Greek, Egyptian or Byzantine myths and in an attempt to transform the cultural facets of the Slavic religious beliefs.
On the other hand, it is shelp that after the enforced Christianization in Kyivan Rus, the worship of Lada was transferred to the Virgin Mary.
Table of Contents
Lada in MythologyQuick Historical OverviewSlavic Goddess Lada: Myth of Myth of a Myth?
Goddess Lada: Appearance and Reputation
Reportedly, the initially historic documents that point out Lada are from the 1fifth and also the 1sixth century. Tright here, she is presented as the vernal goddess of love and also fertility, a patroness of lovers, sposupplies, contracting marriages and also couples however additionally a guardian of women, youngsters and fruitful harvests.
Lada is illustrated as a voluptuous womale with wavy gold hair, white skin and attractive curves that expush maturity and also motherhood.
She is taken into consideration to be an embodiment of divine beauty and also eternal youth. Some Russian folk songs and tales explain her as a gracious beautiful woman through gold hair and a crvery own on her head.
Lada in Mythology
Folklorists and scholars constantly research the character of Lada together with her twin brvarious other (or son) Lacarry out.
In the Slavic, Latvian and Lithuanian mythology she is the goddess of beauty that along with Lado forms a deity of fertility (most equivalent to the Greek god Dionysus).
Other names in mythology provided to Lada are Kupalo/ Kupala (water-related) or Kostromo/ Kostroma (grain-related) or Larilo/Larila (Sun-related). All of them contain masculine and also feminine aspects.
Lada represents the female component and Laexecute is her male counterpart.
Folk songs that were sung during harvesting, on the 21st of March (the first spring day) or at wedding ceremonies were sung in honor of this divine duo.
Theories of the Origin of Goddess Lada
Tright here are various theories regarding the beginning of Lada, the Slavic goddess.
According to the historian Linda J. Ivantis, goddess Lada was born in the primitive Neolithic times and also was a component of the searching society.
In enhancement, it is believed that Lada is a form of the Finno-Slavic goddess Mokosh, or the Great Mother Goddess of Latvians and Mordvins.
Other theories recognize Lada through Loduna, the Scandinavian goddess of fire and also herds.
Lada (Slavic goddess of beauty) is additionally compared to other Slavic goddesses, such as Vesna and Devana.
In some Polish interpretations, Lada is honored as the goddess of spring or “dodola goddess”. She is likewise associated via the twin deities Zizilia and also Didilia who are the protectors of love and fertility.
Theories of the Lado-Lada Union
According to Slavic mythology, the “Lado-Lada” multi-deity is additionally viewed as a contrastive duality wright here Lada is the goddess of spring or fertility, while Lacarry out is the deity of the underworld and marriage.
The “Oxford Companion to World Mythology” defines this Slavic goddess as a deity that dies and also rises in an indefinite cycle <1>.
By the 18th century, Lada assumed the role of a fertility goddess (and mother goddess) with Laexecute being her companion or offspring as specific versions suggest.
Naming and also Etymology
Reportedly, the names of Lada and Lado derive from the Russian word “lad” or “ladit” which means “harmony” or “producing harmony with someone”.
Folklorists agree that the duty of young woguys at the moment was to kindly welcome the “rusalki” in the springtime, who would bring fertility and harmony to nature.
Quick Historical Overview
The first confirmed historical documents that point out this Slavic goddess of spring are the Russian monastic texts from the 15th to 18th century. These texts mention the worship of a goddess called Lada and a phallic god Lado.
The worship of these deities was percreated in the time of the spring when the water spirits (recognized as “rusalki“) would be welcomed. The Polish chronicler Jan Dlugosz stated Lada in the Kievan Synopsis in the beforehand 17th century.
Lada in the Kievan Synopsis
The Kievan Synopsis was initially publiburned in 1674. It is a repertoire of messages that translate background via the Christian conception of time. The synopsis is concentrated on the Christian narratives of creation, loss and also redemption.
In this work-related, Lada is discussed as a fertility goddess that was a vital component of the society from the time when the ruler Volodymyr the Great took the throne <2>.
The 18th Century Tale of Lada
Lada was a character in among the tales created by an eminent Russian novelist Michail Chulkov. The name of this 18th-century occupational is “Slavenskie skazki” or “Tales of Desire and Discontent”.
In the story, the hero Siloslav is on a quest to conserve his beloved Prelepa who was taken by an evil soul. He finds her at a dwelling area amiddle a wetland also as she lies naked in a seashell filled through foam (simply like the mythic goddess of love was portrayed).
Prelepa tells him that she is currently the ruler of a kingdom wbelow only women live, providing endmuch less sexual satisfactivity. She invites Sinoslav to join her and never before leave.
Siloslav enters the kingdom and is shortly lured by the goddess Lada that chooses him to be her lover. Siloslav discovers that the kingdom is deprived of guys bereason Prelepa committed adultery with the evil heart Vlegon and therefore brought about the fatality of all males in the kingdom.
Sinoslav rejects her pointer and also decides to fight Vlegon in order to resurrect the men. Soon, he realizes that he was tricked and also that Prelepa’s heart was actors amethod once Vlegon disguised himself as her. He likewise finds out that Lada was actually a witch disguised as the goddess.
Slavic Goddess Lada: Myth of Myth of a Myth?
In 2019, the historians Judith Kalik and Alexander Uchitel published the book “Slavic Gods and Heroes” wbelow they lay out the concept that Lada is just one of the so-dubbed “phantom gods” that were included in the Slavic pantheon by anti-pagan clerics in the medieval and also late contemporary duration.
These scholars argue that her name actually stems from a nonsensical refrain found in Slavic individual songs – “laperform, lada!” which was patched right into a duo of gods <3>.
Several years before this theory was publimelted, the Lithuanian historian Balsys additionally carried out the question of the authenticity of this goddess.
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According to Balsys, there are certain documents in background (from the Baltic states), that note the presence of a winter goddess Lada and also rituals concerned her worship throughout the “ledu dienos” which have the right to be analyzed as “days of ice and hail”.