Kinesthetic senseThe capability to know accurately the positions and movements of one"s skeletal joints.

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Kinesthesis refers to sensory input that occurs within the body. Postural and activity indevelopment are connected using sensory devices by anxiety and compression of muscles in the body. Even as soon as the body remains stationary, the kinesthetic sense deserve to monitor its place. Humans possess three specialized types of neurons responsive to touch and stretching that assist save track of body movement and place. The first course, called Pacinian corpuscles, lies in the deep subcutaneous fatty tissue and responds to pressure. The second course of neurons surrounds the internal organs, and also the 3rd class is associated with muscles, tendons, and also joints. These neurons work in concert with one an additional and also with cortical neurons as the body moves.

The ability to assess the weight of an item is one more function of kinesthesia. When an individual picks up an item, the tension in his/her muscles generates signals that are supplied to adjust posture. This feeling does not operate in isolation from other senses. For example, the size-weight illusion results in a miscomplement in between just how hefty an item looks and also just how hefty the muscles "think" it have to be. In general, bigger objects are judged as being heavier than smaller sized objects of the same weight.

The kinesthetic feeling does not mediate equilibrium, or sense of balance. Balance requires various sensory pathways and also originates in huge component within the inner ear.

More Reading

Bartenieff, Irmgard. Body Movement: Coping through the Environment. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1980.

Moving Parts (videorecording). Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities, 1985.


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