a. took responsibility for recreating the religious life of his kingdom just as he recreated its government.

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b. was cautious to observe the distinctions between religious and also political authority established by Saint Augustine of Hippo.

c. put the Frankish church under the control of the pope, while he ruled the kingdom politically.

d. became a monk at the finish of his life, therefore ensuring his very own salvation.

e. establiburned his empire as a theocratic state ruled by the legislations set forth in the Scriptures.

took obligation for recreating the religious life of his kingdom simply as he reformed its government


Why did Justinian attempt to reovercome the western Romale Empire?

a. The Persians had actually been defeated in the East, so he can safely launch armed forces explorations to the West.

b. He thought that he should be the head of a merged Christian church.

c. He essential to save his army as far ameans from his funding as possible.

d. He sought to revive and also reconstruct wholly the old empire.

e. His empire compelled proceeding conquests in order to prosper.

bereason he sought to revive and reconstruct wholly the old empire


A pandemic damaged out in 541–42 which has actually involved be recognized as:

a. the sickness of the East.

b. the scourge of the Goths.

c. Belisarius’s gift.

d. God’s Revenge.

e. the Justinianic Plague.

the Justinianic Plague.


The Carolingian Realm broke down during the ninth century:

a. because of the division of the empire among all the legitimate heirs of Louis and the Frankish aristocracy’s dissatisfactivity via the fractured main authority.

b. the decrease of the moral habits of Charlemagne’s heirs.

c. Islamic penetration of its southern frontier.

d. bereason the Byzantines attacked to punish Charlemagne for accepting the title of emperor.

e. Russian pressure in the eastern pushing various other tribes towards Italy.

because of the division of the empire among all the legitimate heirs of Louis and also the Frankish aristocracy"s dissatisfaction with the fractured central authority.


One result of the campaigns of Belisarius in North Africa and Italy was:

a. the alliance of the Vandals and also the Visigoths versus the Romans.

b. his effective seizure of power ago in Constantinople.

c. the weakening of Constantinople against the Sassanids.

d. the near extinction of the Christian belief in the West.

e. the advance of a wealthy and also effective Italy.

the weakening of Constantinople versus the Sassanids.


The stability of Oriental federal government was the product of:

a. an reliable administration.

b. the role of the abbeys in Byzantine national politics.

c. a predictable device of succession to the imperial throne.

d. unregulated weras and prices.

e. a highly central palace government.

an efficient bureaucracy.


In the late sixth century C.E., the economic situation of Arabia:

a. was nearly missing because of Arabia’s domination by the Oriental Realm.

b. was still nearly totally consisted of of nomadic Bedouins.

c. was based on the manufacturing of figs, wool, and goats at desert oases.

d. was in a state of crisis carried on by the invasion of Huns.

e. ended up being a lot more commercially sophisticated as a result of the battles in between Byzantium and also Persian altering trade routes.

ended up being a lot even more commercially innovative as a result of the battles between Byzantium and Persia transforming profession routes.


It is hard to date the beginning of Byzantine history through precision because:

a. Greek was the just language ever before supplied by Romale emperors in Constantinople.

b. Justinian stood up to brand-new creates of assumed and art throughout his life.

c. it began in the time of the so-called Dark Ages in the time of which very few documents were preserved.

d. Constantine never administered the Roman Realm from Constantinople.

e. the Byzantine Empire was the uninterrupted successor of the Romale Realm.

the Byzantine Empire was the uninterrupted successor of the Roman Empire.


Underlying the Carolingian Renaissance was the fundamental conviction that:

a. original Latin poetry and epic literature were the highest possible form of art.

b. to be better Christians, everyone have to pray and also devote their lives to the Church.

c. the Scriptures could be ideal appreciated if it were translated into robust French and Germale idioms.

d. correct Christian doctrine have to be commonly disseminated and heretical beliefs need to be strictly punished.

e. timeless discovering was the structure on which Christian wisdom rested.

timeless finding out was the foundation on which Christian wisdom rested.


Pope Gregory I:

a. denied the use of penance.

b. fully accepted the religious authority of the patriarch of Constantinople.

c. did not treatment at all for monasteries or how they were operated.

d. fairesulted in protect the papacy against the Lombards.

e. substantially progressed Benedictine monasticism as the major monastic activity in the West.

significantly progressed Benedictine monasticism as the significant monastic activity in the West.


Many of the regional populations in Byzantium and also Persia:

a. viewed the Arab armies as deliverers.

b. chose to commit suicide quite than accept Arab preeminence.

c. were automatically required to convert to Islam once they fell into Arab hands. d. were even even more heavily taxed by the Arabs than formerly.

e. converted Arab soldiers to either Christianity or Zoroastrianism.

perceived the Arab armies as deliverers.


The beforehand Oriental faith was recognized for its:

a. intense interemainder in matters of doctrine and also orthodoxy.

b. rejection of the emperor as the leader of the Church.

c. doctrinal merging of facets from Christianity and also Islam.

d. beauticompletely decorated churches.

e. capacity to enforce spiritual doctrine throughout the eastern empire.

intense interest in matters of doctrine and orthodoxy.


The Byzantine economy in the early Center Ages was:

a. subject to wild fluctuations due to currency debasement.

b. depressed as a result of being cut off from profession via north Europe.

c. industrially underoccurred.

d. renowned for its usage of paper money.

e. extremely regulated, consisting of wage and price controls.

extremely regulated, including wage and also price controls.


Why were so many kind of convents (monastic homes for women) started in the time of the seventh century C.E.?

a. Convents met a variety of social and spiroutine demands for aristocratic family members. b. Lower-course womales flocked to convents as an improvement on the drudgery of their stays.

c. Nuns were the just womales allowed to become clergymans.

d. Convents were a means for the family members that started them to make money.

e. every one of these.

Convents met a range of social and spiroutine needs for aristocratic family members.


In 800 Charlemagne:

a. executed Alcuin of York for tfactor.

b. establiburned his most well known monastery in Paris.

c. welcomed the crown and title of Divine Romale emperor.

d. died without an heir.

e. got into Byzantium.

welcomed the crvery own and also title of Holy Romale emperor.


An necessary figure that founded numerous Merovingian monasteries was:

a. Clovis.

b. Aethelbert.

c. Columbanus.

d. Gregory of Scotland.

e. Pepin.



Why did the Romans of Italy and North Africa resent out Justinian’s efforts to "liberate" them?

a. Tright here was a heavy price in taxes and resides.

b. They sneed to be their own Roma realm independent of the eastern Roman Realm.

c. They had already developed autonomous republics.

d. The ascendancy of the Ostrogoths was more liberal and tolerant than Byzantium.

e. They had currently left the Christian faith and also were content without it.

Tright here was a hefty price in taxes and lives.


The armies of Abu-Bakr were able to expand Islam northward out of Arabia greatly bereason of:

a. the assistance Jewish neighborhoods provided to Arab militaries throughout sieges of cities.

b. the exceptional rate of camels over equines in battle.

c. better steel tools.

d. the alliance of Persian forces versus Byzantium.

e. the weakness of Oriental and also Persian armies bereason of their battles against each other.

the weakness of Byzantine and also Persian militaries bereason of their wars against each various other.


Charlemagne had the ability to contain Umayyad power in Europe by:

a. proactively sustaining the eastern empire in Constantinople.

b. drawing upon Scandinavian militaries to help safeguard his frontiers.

c. maintaining diplomatic and also trade relationships with its rival the Abbasid Caliphate.

d. supporting a variety of rebellions by North Africans versus Islam.

e. converting to Islam himself.

maintaining diplomatic and also profession relations through its rival the Abbasid Caliphate.


One difference between Islam and also Christianity is that:

a. Christianity observed Islam as a reform variation of itself.

b. Christians did not discriminate versus Jews and Islam did.

c. Islam did not accept the teachings of any type of of the Jewish or Christian prophets.

d. Islam welcomed icons even even more enthusiastically than Christianity did.

e. Islam has actually no sacraments or priests.

Islam has actually no sacraments or priests.


Local lords and chieftains frequently granted abbeys unique privileges:

a. to strengthen them against the evangelism of Islam.

b. bereason abbeys often played a vital function in financial breakthrough and also prosperity in a region.

c. to foster the medical research study abbeys performed to uncover cures for the afflict.

d. in order to acquire God’s favor against invading Eastern hordes.

e. because wide range was considered a cardinal sin.

bereason abbeys regularly played a vital duty in financial development and also prosperity in a region.


The world who took advantage of the weakness of Italy due to Justinian’s policies of reoccupation were the:

a. Ostrogoths.

b. Lombards.

c. Sassinids.

d. Franks.

e. Vandals.



As a result of the Iconoclastic Controversy:

a. political legitimacy was fundamentally linked to the defense of spiritual legacy.

b. the Eastern Church broke right into two distinctive sects.

c. all artwork and also images in the Eastern Church were banned from within churches.

d. eastern Emperors were compelled to be totally neutral as soon as it concerned religious matters.

e. the leaders of Christianity in the West ended up being the dominant faction in the Eastern Church.

political legitimacy was basically connected to the defense of religious legacy.


Byzantine abbeys were deeply involved in the Iconoclastic Controversy because:

a. they were major producers of symbols, so they sustained the usage of imeras in the belief.

b. they assumed icons distracted civilization from concentrating on God.

c. they faithcompletely sustained Leo III.

d. they resented the revenues the secular industries made from developing the symbols.

e. they taught that the usage of symbols was a form of black magic.

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they were major producers of symbols, so they sustained the usage of imeras in the belief.


Prior to Muhammad start to teach his prophecy and also his brand-new faith the Arabs: