I recognize atoms shed or gain electrons with ionic bonding however once they are by themselves carry out they lose electrons? I review in a book on metallic bonding which requires totally free electrons(the shed ones) and the ions itself.

If the atom is qualified of $eta$ + degeneration, then an electron can be shed after the event because the number of proloads in the nucleus would have actually reduced by one. The tunneling to flexibility principle in the comments is difficult because tunneling just happens once there is a finite potential barrier.

You are watching: Why do atoms lose or gain electrons

$egingroup$ did you suppose that the number of protons has increased by one ? in this situation, the shed electron comes from the nucleus $endgroup$
You mean choose a lone Hydrogen atom? Can the single electron in Hydrogen fill its bags and leave?

Yes yet only if it acquires the energy to leave, right?

In this instance the binding power (due to the electromagnetic forces) in the ground state is $-13.6~mathrmeV_,$ therefore if it someexactly how acquires this power it will certainly leave, forever!

There are various ways this exchange of energy have the right to take place, a really easy scenario would certainly be some high energy photon, or various other pshort article (favor another electron) scattering onto the electron and blowing it ameans.

In an empty Universe through nopoint however a single Hydrogen atom, I"m afraid they will certainly be stuck together forever!

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edited Jan 8 "16 at 14:59
user36790
answered Jan 8 "16 at 12:18

StarStridesStarStrides
$endgroup$
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$egingroup$
An atom that gains one or more electrons will certainly have actually a NEGATIVE charge. An atom that loses one or more electrons will have a POSTIVE charge. An atom that gains or loses one or more electrons is dubbed an ION. A positive ion is referred to as a CATION and a negative ion is dubbed an ANION.

Atoms will certainly deliver one or more electrons to one more to form the ionic bond. Each atom is left via a complete external shell. An ionic bond forms in between a steel ion with a positive charge and also a nonmetal ion with a negativecharge.

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answered Jan 8 "16 at 21:41

varunkvarunk
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