The definite posts (el, la) also readjust in the plural form. They end up being “los” and also “las.” The definite posts will be spanned in depth in the following leschild.

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el libro: los libros

la pluma: las plumas

el chico: los chicos

la señora: las señoras

If a noun ends in a consonant, make it plural by including -es.


el borrador: los borradores(borrador + es)la universidad: las universidades(universidad + es)el profesor: los profesores(profesor + es)la ciudad: las ciudades(ciudad + es)

If a noun ends in -ión, add -es and drop the written accent.

el avión: los aviones

la conversación: las conversaciones

la sección: las secciones

la televisión: las televisiones

Note: You might wonder why “avión” isn’t feminine. Notice that it doesn’t qualify for our dominion which states that all nouns finishing in -ción and sión are feminine.

If a noun ends in -z, add -es and adjust the z to c.

el lápiz: los lápices

la voz: las voces

el tapiz: los tapices

la actriz: las actrices


When the plural describes two or more nouns of different genders, the masculine plural is supplied.

2 perros + 6 perras = 8 perros (not perras)1 gato + 8 gatas = 9 gatos (not gatas)

A few nouns are “compound nouns,” that is, they are developed by combining 2 words right into one.

(Example: abre + latas = abrelatas / open + cans = have the right to opener)

These compound nouns are always masculine, and also the plural is developed by altering the “el” to “los.”

el abrelataslos abrelatas

el paraguaslos paraguas

Let’s evaluation the rules for making nouns plural.

If a noun ends in a vowel, ssuggest include -s.If a noun ends in a consonant, ssuggest add -es.If a noun ends in a -z, adjust the z to c prior to adding -es.If a noun ends in ión, drop the composed accent prior to adding -es.If the plural refers to a blended group, use the masculine.For compound nouns, adjust “el” to “los”.

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