It appears to be simply based on the Greek phalanx via method more human being, but it is so much even more leading and effective. Why is this?
The Roman fighting style wasn't based on the Greek phalanx at all! As you probably know a phalanx was a large block of spear-armed men that relocated in a really tight unit, protecting each other and also providing a wall surface of spears and shields to the foe.
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The Romans occurred something called the Manipular device (by arisen, I of course intend adopted. As lennox stated the Romans were good at adopting new techniques. They supposedly adopted this one from their neighbors the Samnites). The manipular device was much even more maneuverable than a phalanx, being made up of teams of males who could relocate much more separately from each other. Each guy was armed with pila (pilum singluar) which were javelins that they would throw at the foe. They would then close in for cshed combat via another adopted weapon, the Gladius, which they adopted from the Celts.
They also combated in three lines (at leastern until the Marian Reforms). First the Hastati, then the Principes, complied with by the Triarii. As each line tired out they would be replaced by the following.
These determinants made the manipular device "looser" than a phalanx, which permitted higher tactical adaptability on the battlefield.
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There are many kind of factors that led the Romale army to such success... one of which was absolutely social. The Romans just refoffered to offer up. They shed battles that would certainly have actually crippled other people, but then just conscripted a new army and preserved fighting. A excellent instance would certainly be the famous Battle of Cannae where the Romans shed a substantial variety of guys at the hands of Hannibal. It's debatable, but they might have actually shed as many kind of as 80,000 soldiers at Cannae. In spite of this loss the Romans refprovided to parley and rather mobilized their citizenry to war, gradually bleeding Hannibal's army till he was rereferred to as to Africa, which inevitably resulted in a complete Romale victory. A loss favor that could extremely quickly have crippled the Roman state, but for many kind of reasons it didn't They were able to come back from the defeat and also eventually win -- this determination is a huge aspect in why the Roguy army was so leading.
SOURCES: History of Rome Podactors -- see epiode 14a "A phalanx through joints"
The Ghosts of Cannae: Hannibal and the Darkest Hour of the Roman Republic by Robert L O'Connell
Warfare in Antiquity: Volume 1 by Hans Delbruck (Chapter 2: the manipular phalanx)