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The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, north India. It is considered the finest instance of Mughal architecture (a blfinish of Indian, Persian, and also Islamic styles). TheTaj Mahal is likewise one of the world’s many iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists every year. The complicated was designated a UNESCO World Heritage website in 1983.


The Taj Mahal was built as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”) by her husband, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58). She passed away in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion because their marriage in 1612.


The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complicated that homes the burial places of Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”) and her husband, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58).


Building of the Taj Mahal started around 1632. The mausoleum itself was completed by around 1638–39. The adjunct buildings were finiburned by 1643, and also decoration work-related ongoing till at leastern 1647. In complete, building and construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) complex covered 22 years.


The Taj Mahal is developed of white marble that reflects hues according to the intensity of the sunlight or the moonlight.


Taj Mahal, likewise spelled Tadj Mahall, mausoleum complicated in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in childbirth in 1631, having actually been the emperor’s inseparable companion given that their marriage in 1612. India’s a lot of famous and also commonly well-known structure, it is positioned in the eastern part of the city on the southerly (right) financial institution of the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Agra Fort (Red Fort), additionally on the best bank of the Yamuna, is around 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal.


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In its harmonious proportions and its liquid incorporation of decorative elements, the Taj Mahal is distinguimelted as the finest instance of Mughal style, a blend of Indian, Persian, and also Islamic formats. Other attractions incorporate twin mosque buildings (put symmetrically on either side of the mausoleum), lovely gardens, and a museum. One of the the majority of beautiful structural compositions in the civilization, the Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s many iconic monuments, saw by countless tourists yearly. The complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983.

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History of construction


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Learn the story behind Shah Jahān"s decision to build the Taj Mahal mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Maḥal

The plans for the facility have actually been attributed to assorted architects of the period, though the chief architect was most likely Ustad Aḥmad Lahawrī, an Indian of Persian descent. The five principal elements of the complex—major gateway, garden, mosque, jawāb (literally “answer”; a building mirroring the mosque), and also mausoleum (including its 4 minarets)—were conceived and also designed as a linked entity according to the tenets of Mughal structure exercise, which allowed no subsequent enhancement or modification. Building commenced about 1632. More than 20,000 employees were employed from India, Persia, the Ottoguy Realm, and also Europe to complete the mausoleum itself by around 1638–39; the adjunct structures were finiburned by 1643, and decoration job-related continued until at least 1647. In full, building and construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) facility spanned 22 years.