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Why We Fight #5: The Battle of Russia (1943)United State War Department
This is the fifth component of a series of films produced by the USA War Department throughout World War II. The series explained the factors for the U.S war effort approximately that time. This fifth component defines the plans and also occasions that caused the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union and also chronicles the war on the Eastern Front from Operation Barbarossa to the fight of Stalingrad. Supervised by Frank Capra and also directed by Anatole Litvak.
The Battle of Russia was the fifth film of Frank Capra"s Why We Fight propaganda film series, and also the longest film of the series. The film begins with a review of previous failed attempts to dominate Russia: by the Teutonic Knights in 1212 (footage from Sergei Eisenstein"s film Alexander Nevskies is offered here), by Charles XII of Sweden in 1704 (footage from Vladimir Petrov"s film Peter the First), by Napoleon I in 1812, and by Germany in World War I.
The large herbal sources of the Soviet Union are then explained, showing why the land also is such a warm prize for conquerors. To offer a positive impression of the Soviet Union to the American audience, the country"s ethnic diversity is spanned in information. Later on, aspects of Russian society familiar to Americans, including the musical compositions of Tchaikovskies and also Leo Tolstoy"s book War and Peace are also discussed. Communism is never stated at any kind of point in the film. The start of the film additionally consists of a quote from UNITED STATE Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who commended the Russian people"s defense of their nation as among the many courageous accomplishments in armed forces history.
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The film then covers the Nazi conquests in the Balkans, described as a preliminary to close off possible Allied counter-intrusion paths, before the battle versus Russia was released on June 22, 1941. The narration defines the German "keil und kessel" techniques for offensive warfare, and also the Soviet "defense in depth" provided to respond to this. The scorched earth Soviet methods, the room-to-room urban warfare in Soviet cities, and also the guerilla warfare behind foe lines are also supplied to underline the Soviet settle for victory against the Nazis.
One powerful scene mirrors Russians swearing their oath:
For the melted cities and also villagesFor the deaths of our children and our mothersFor the torture and also humiliation of our peopleI swear revenge upon the enemyI swear that I would certainly quite die in fight through the enemyThan surrender myself my world and also my nation to the Fascist invadersBlood for Blood!Death for Death!